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50 Cards in this Set

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What is the most common cause of congenital hydrocele?
failure of closure of the process vaginalis
None
Cause of preeclamsia before week 20th of pregnancy?
hydatidiform mole
When does preeclamspia due to neural tube defects present?
>6th month
serum marker for papillary cystadenocarcinoma
CA-125
a-fetoprotein marker for:
testicular, ovarian yolk sac tumor
bombesin marker for
neuroblastoma, small cell carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, and pancreatic carcinoma
S-100 marker for:
melanoma, neural tumors and astrocytomas
nuclear homogenization, intranuclear inclusions and multinucleated cells on vaginal smear?
HSV II
valacyclovir in immunocompromised?
no; TTP, HUS
normal vaginal flora in prepubertal girls and post-menopausal women?
colonic and skin bacteria, eg Staph. epidermis
vaginal flora in child-bearing age?
lactobacillus, candida, steptococcus sp
None
breast cancer with best prognosis?
tubular carcinoma
period when hCG maintains corpus luteum?
First trimester
meiosis stage in which oocytes within primary follicles are arrested?
Prophase I
None
Most of the testosterone secreted by testis in the plasma exists in which form?
bound to SSBG
STD org that cannot make ATP
Chlamydia; intracellular parasite
PID Tx?
cefoxitin+doxycycline or clindamycin+gentamicin
Hormone levls just before menstruation?
sex hormones low, gonadotropins (specially FSH) begin to raise
Temperature before menstruation change?
drops precipitously
pregnancy hormone dependent on fetus viability?
estriol (the one that is made by fetal adrenal-> placenta)
peau d'orange breast skin
inflammatory breast cancer: dermal lymphatic invasion bycancer
PGE2 vaginal insert to cause cervix dilation and uterine contraction
dinoprostone
None
alprostadil
PGE1, a vasodilator used to treat erectile dysfunction
epoprostenol
Tx pulm HTN; acts as PGI2,-> dilation
latapnoprost
PGF2a analogue, used in glaucoma to increase aqueous humor outflow
None
misoprostol
PGE1 analog, prevent gastric and duodenal ulcers caused by NSAIDS
newborn with HSM, periventricular calcification, petichial hemorrhages and hydrops; deafness
CMV in utero
None
CMV Tx?
ganciclovir
None
Rhinoscleroma?
Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis; chronic granulomatous URI; Tx wit tetracycline
first event in the pathogenesis of toxemia of pregnancy?
placental ischemia
Cause of ammenorhea in Turner's?
ovarian dysgenesis
Ovarian tumor assoc with hyperTH?
monodermal teratoma
uterine bleeding that occurs at irregular intervals
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
most common cases of dysfunctional uterine bleeding are due to?
anovulatory cycles, in which the endometrium undergoes unopposed estrogen stimulation-> hyperplasia
Testicular tumor secreting estrogens
Leydig cell tumor
gray-white to yellow tumor and microscopically form cord-like structures resembling seminiferous tubules
steroli cell tumors
STD lacks cell wall?
Chlamydia trachomatis
66 yo M + worsening lower back pain + inc PSA + irregular nodule
prostatic adenocarcinoma with spine metastasis
koilocytotic atypia cause?
HPV
difference in Dx between pre and eclampsia?
Seizures
ascites, right-sided hydrothorax, ovarian fibroma
Meigs syndrome
Exemastane
aromatase inhibitor, used for estrogen-dep breast cancer
Etoposide
topoisomerase inhibitor for testicular cancer, small cell lung cancer, and leukemia
Leuprolide
GnRH analog used in advanced prostate cancer (first flare, then downregulation of LS and FSH
Paclitaxel
tubulin hyperstabilizer for ovarian, breast and non-small cell lung cancer
Most frequent predisposing factor for ectopic pregnancies?
PID-> salpingitis
First test if 1-2ry syphilis was suspected?
VDRL
Cells making blood-testes barrier
Steroli cells
testicular painless, solid mass, inc LDH
seminoma
main reason for cryptorchidism correction?
decrease risk of testicular carcinoma