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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
first pharyngeal cleft forms
external ear canal
first pharyngeal pouch forms
middle ear cavity and the auditory tube
Second pharyngeal cleft forms
covered over by overgrowth of the second pharyngeal arch
defect causing a lateral cervical cyst, which is seen on the lateral side of the neck along the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
failure of the second pharyngeal cleft to close
Second pharyngeal pouch forms
tonsillar fossa of the pharynx
mass in the anterior midline of the neck, slightly above the larynx; mobile and elevates upon protrusion of the tounge
thyroglossal duct
mech of anemia in infections
bacteria eat iron
clonidine effect on insulin lvls
alpha2 agonist inhibits insulin secretion
volvulus age
eldery
congenital pyloric stenosis age
3-4 weeks
Hirschsprung's disease age
in the first few days-> failure to pass meconium
Intussusception
~ 10 days
Klinefelter Cx
testicular biopsy shows sparse, completely hyalinized semineferous tubes with a complete absence of germ cells and only rare Sertoli cells
medication with digoxing causing PVCs
furosemida-> hypocalemia
BP 50/undet
shock
BP 95/80
AS, reduced systolic pressure with preserved diastolic, since the levt ventricle is unable to pump a normal amount of blood through a stenotic valvular orifice
antibody titer to delta agent
HBsAg or HBV, active chronic dz
bilateral acoustic neuromas
NF-II in 90%, located in 22q
renal diffuse cortical necrosis
DIC
kidney area affected most severely in sickle cell
medulla-> papillary necrosis
Kussmaul+, pulsus paradoxus-, pericardial knock
constrictive pericarditis
Decreased arterial P, invreased systemic venous pressure, Pulsus+, kussmaul's sign-
cardiac tamponade
superficial fascia is made of
Camper's, Scarpa
Camper's is____
fatty
Scarpa's is________
fibrous
Below superficial fascia
deep fascia, invests abdominal musculature
Path to appendectomy
Campers-> Scarpa-> internal oblique-> transversalis fascia-> parietal peritoneum
where is middle meningeal artery
middle cranial fossa; branch of the maxillary, enters through foramen spinosum
anterior cranial fossa receives
central processes of the bipolar neurons that form the olfactory nerve
inferior orbital fissure contains
contains veins that communicate with the venous plexuses in the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae
posterior cranial fossa contains
brainstem and cerebellum; vertebral arteries
vertebral arteries intracranial path
enter the posterior fossa through the foramen magnum, uniting and forming the basilar artery
Superior orbital fissure contains
ophthalmic vein, CNs 3,4,6
liver zone 3
central vein, contains P450, most sensitive to ischemic injury
liver zone 2
intermediate, second area most sensitive to ischemic injury
liver zone 1
periportal, most sensitive to toxic injury
liver area shows infiltration with hepatitis
periportal
Ito cells
fat-containing mesenchymal cells located in the space of Disse, vitA storage (liver)
drug of choice for myoclonic syndromes
valproic acid, non-sedating
Cardiogenic hoarseness
MR/MS-> enlarged LA
hip muscle whose fascia infected after spinal infection
psoas major
psoas major function
flex the thigh at the hip
hip abductors
Gluteus medius, maximus
Hip adductors
adductors longus, brevis, magnus
Hip extensors
gluteus maximus
Hip internal rotators
gluteus minimus, pectineus, and gracillis
calcified pleural plaques and preferential involvement of the lung bases
asbestosis
y-shaped uteurs
bicornuate uterus
why bicornuate uterus spontaneous abortions
results in defective placental implantation
immune cell involved in granuloma
TH1
nose, flesh-colored lesion about 1cm in diameter, with a rolled edge and central ulceration
basal cell carcinoma
cell receptor type most likely to increase firing rate
escitatory amino acids, NMDA
antibodies directed against the basement membrane regions of the skin
bullous pemphigoid (Type II hypersensitivity)
phrenic nerve roots?
C3-C5
innervation of upper 2/3 of esophagous
striated, vagus
innervation of lower 1/3 of esophagous
smooth, splanchnic plexus