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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
testicular tumor with endodermal sinuses that resemble primitive glomeruli
yolk sac tumor
70% Raynaud's as initial presentation
leukocytoclastic angiitis
microscopic polyarteritis nodosa, hypersensitivity, neutrophil fragmentation (leukocytoclasis)
churg-strauss disease
allergic granulomatosis and angiitis, which affects resp and renal
zenker's diverticulum
false diverticulum formed by herniation of the mucosa at the point of weakness at the junction of the pharynx and the esophagus in the posterior hypopharyngeal wall
upper neck swallowing, halitosis, regurg undigested food, dysphagia
Zenker's diverticulum
traction diverticula
asymptomatic true diverticula caused by adherence of the esophagous to a scarred mediastanial structure
mucosal rings found in the distal esophagus at the squamocolumnar junction
Schatzki rings
ARB, no cough
retroperitoneal colon
small bowel peritoneal
first duodenum, jejunum, ileum
large bowel peritoneal
appendix, transverse colon, sigmoid colon
secondary retroperitoneal
most of duodenum, most pancreas (except tail), ascending colon, descending colon, upper part of the rectum
primary retroperitoneal organs
kidney, adrenals, ureter, aorta, IVC, lower rectum and anal canal
ASD presenting later in life, with loud systolic ejection murmur over the midsternal border and the splitting of the second heart sound is wide and fixed
septum secundum
lac+ ox- gram- UTI in diabetics
Klebsiella pneumoniae
lac+ ox- gram- UTI
E coli
lac- ox + gram - UTI with indweling devices
viral encephalitis with volume loss selectively in the temporal and frontal lobes
HSV encephalitis
specific berry aneurism in APKD
estrogen therapy in osteoporosis mech
inhibit osteoclast activation
b1 selective antagonists
metoprol, atenolol
non-selective b blockers
nadolol, propanolol, sotalol, timolol, pindolol
access to vertebral artery
suboccipital triangle
malignancy assoc with trousseau's sign
pancreas, lung, colon
Huntington's genetics
mechanism of epidermis regeneration
from hair follicles and sweat glands in the dermis
precocious sexual development, irregularly shaped pigmented skin macules and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
Mc-Cune-Albright syndrome
polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
local bony defects containing unmineralized whorls of connective tissue
new bone formation meneath the periosteum of the phalanges, associated with thoracic cancer, chronic lung disease and chronic liver disease
hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
sensory innervation or palmar side of first two fingers
median nerve on dorsal surface
tips of the thumb, digits 2-3, and half of 4
supplies the skin of the medial forearm
medial antecubital cutaneous n
supplies the skin of the medial arm
medial brachial cutaneous n
radial nerve sensory
thenar eminence, half of the hand from 4th digit to the thumb on the dorsal surface, but not including the tips of these fingers and the thumb (median nerve)
innervates subscapularis and teres major
lower subscapular nerve
maintain approximation of the head of the humerus and the glenoid cavity
subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor
upper subscapular nerve muscles
after viral infection, : fever painful thyroid enlargement, and/or symptoms of transient hyperthyroidism
subacute granulomatous thyroiditis
internal capsule hemmorrhage?
from lenticulostriate arteries, in uncontrolled HTN-> hemoplegia in which paralysis of the arn and leg are of the same intensity
root compressed in posterolateral herniation of the nucleus pulposus between C4 and C5
C5 spinal nerve
Edwing sarcoma translocation
neonatal palsy with paralysis of the intrinsic hand muscles and numbness along the inner aspect of the hand
Klumpke paralysis
waiter's tip in neonate
erb palsy
murmur with bicuspid aortic valve
diastolic murmur, related to some degree of AI
café-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules, multiple peripheral nerve tumors
Lisch nodules
pigmented iris hamartomas
cells of neuroepithelial origin
astrocytes and oligodendrocytes
endometrial glands within the myometriun if the uterus