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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
first signs of acetylsalicylic acid toxicity
1. tinnitis
2. respiratory alkalosis due to stimulation of respiratory center
child with bilateral visual deficiencies, tall for age, kyphosis and short trunk
cystathionine synthase deficiency --> elevated methionine
incr extracellular K depolorizes or hyperpolarizes the cell
depolarizes (less negative)
complication of hereditary spheroctyosis
gallstones
MCC ASD
incomplete adhesion btwn septum primum and septum secundum
when is a western blot for HIV considered positive
when pt has 2/3 HIV Ag (gp120,gp41 or p24)
small lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages surrounded by clear spaces
Burkitt's
c-myc
t(8:14)
an infeccted skin lesion in which part of hte lower limbs would drain into popliteal fossa
lateral side of the dorsum of hte foot
MCC drug-induced thrombocytopenia
heparin
drug associated with priaprism
trazodone
name 2 cell types involved in a DHT reaction
macrophages CD14
CD8
antidote for pb posioning
EDTA
antidote for mercury posioning
dimercaprol
how are extracellular bacteria killed
opsonization and phagocytosis by macrophages. IgG and IgM ab--> classical complement-->c3b coats organism--> phagocytosis
how are intracellular viruses killed
Ab dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC). Virally infected cells and tumor cells are coated with ab--> NK destruction
tx of heparin induced thrombocytopenia
lepirudin
desmoid tumors
epidermoid cysts
osteomas of hte jaw
pigmented ocular fundus
gardner syndrome: incr risk of colon cancer
child with pigmented macules over body including buccal mucosa, lips
peutz-jeghers
what part of the mediastinum are these structures in: pericardium, phrenic nerves, heart
middle
what part of the mediastinum are these structures in: thoracic aorta, esophagus, thoracic duct, azygos sytem of veins, sympathetic trunk
posterior
what part of the mediastinum are these structures in:SVC, arch of the aorta, vagus, trachea, esophagus, thoracic duct
superior
do restrictive diseases have increased/decreased compliance
decreased
antrum
secondary follicle
somatostatin analog used to decrease blood flow to the portal system
octreotide
MAOI used to reduce appetite
sibutramine
AST/ALT >1.5
alcoholic hepatitis
3 structures that lie in the free edge of hte lesser omentum
portal vein
CBD
hepatic artery
Name the artery these branches come off and the artery they anastomose with
a. Internal thoracic/mammary
b. Superior pancreaticduodenal
c. Middle colic
d. superior rectal
a. subclavian-->superior epigastic(internal thoracic)
b. celiac--> inferior pancreaticoduodenal (SMA)
c. sma--> L.colic IMA
d. IMA--> middle rectal (internal iliac)
radiographic bowel series shows circumferential lesion with associated narrowing of the lumen in the signmoid colon
"apple core lesion" of colonic carcinoma
CEA
protoza that causes diarrhea that usually affects the large intestine/liver
entamoeba histolytica
describe the embyrological formation of the pancreas
rotation of the ventral pancreatic bud around the second part of the duodenum
dysphagia, atrophic glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
prokinetic D2 receptor antagonist used for post-surgery gastroparesis
metoclopramide
IMA arises from the AA immediately posterior to...
third part of duodenum
innervation of hip abductors and adduction
ab: superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
add: obturator
foot drop
deep peroneal nerve
knee extension
knee flexion
femoral nerve
sciatic
resevoir for campy
poultry
what toxin is found in smoked fish
clostridium botulinum
DOC wilsons
penicillamine - cu chelating agent
what defect is sometimes associated with wernicke's aphasia
right upper visual field defect