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44 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
Labels or names for a characteristic:

Qualitative Data (Categorical)


Process of transforming something our senses can’t perceive into something they can perceive:

Measurement


TYPE OF DATA
How tall was a single student on each of her Birthdays? 
Time Series Data


An entity or object on which data are collected:

Element (also called a case or an individual)


Values of measurement that can take on a ‘natural’ or ‘absolute’ zero:

Ratio Level (How much is A/B?)


Measurement of a variable or variables on a single element:

Observation


Measurement of a variable or variables on a single element:

Quantitative Data (Cardinal)


Values of measurement that convey the relationships or ranks of the elements w/ respect to their values for the variable in question:

Ordinal Level (is A > B? is A < B?)


Characteristic of the elements whose value may differ from element to element and is of interest to the data collector:

Variable


Values of measurement that represent a category or group membership of elements:

Nominal Level (is A = B?)


Data in which values are collected from many entities during a given period of time:

CrossSectional Data


TYPE OF MEASUREMENT
What Is The High Temperature Today? ___ (Fahrenheit) 
Continuous Interval


Measurements that are collected, recorded, and summarized for presentation, analysis, and interpretation:

Data


Manipulation of the values (or levels) of one or more (independent) variables or treatments and observation of the corresponding change in the values of one or more (dependent) variables or responses:

Experimentation


Data used to answer a question other than that for which they were originally intended:

Secondary Data


Values of measurement that convey how much more or less one value is less than another value:

Interval Level (how much is A  B?)


TYPE OF MEASUREMENT
How Many Automobiles Do You Currently Own? ___ (Number) 
Discrete Ratio


Data collected by the user to to answer a specific question:

Primary Data
Survey collection(observation) Experimentation 

A summary measure used to describe values of a variable for the entire population:

Parameter


The art and science of collecting, describing, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data:

Statistics


TYPE OF MEASUREMENT
What Is Your Annual Income? ________ ($) 
Continuous Ratio


Data in which values are collected from a single entity over several (usually successive) time periods:

Time Series Data


Selection of a proportion of the population and measurement or observation of the values of the variables in question for the selected elements:

Survey/Observation


What type of data includes newspapers, magazines, books, online databases, govt. publications, and websites?

Secondary Data


Collection of all possible elements of interest:

Population


An estimate of the value of a parameter based on the elements that belong to the sample:

Statistic (can be descriptive or inferential)


Science of numerically measuring the likelihood that a given event will occur(i.e. use of deductive logic):

Probability


TYPE OF DATA
How tall is each student in this class? 
CrossSectional Data


Collection of the values for all variables of interest that correspond to all elements of a population:

Census
data TELLS/SAYS something to us size of census denoted 'N' 

Tabular, graphical, and numerical methods used to summarize one or more characteristics of a population or a sample:

Descriptive Statistics


Sampling in which all samples of size n are equally likely:

Simple Random Sampling


Using data obtained through sampling to estimate the value of or test a hypothesis about a parameter:

Inferential Statistics
(i.e., use of INDUCTIVE logic) 

A collection of elements that comprise a subset of the population:

Sample
data SUGGESTS/IMPLIES something to us size of sample denoted 'n' 

Data collected at the same point in time:

Crosssectional data


How many observations are there in a complete data set having 10 elements and 5 variables?

10


What is the most common type of observational study?

Survey


What type of data is this?
The number of building permits issued in Dalls, Texas in each of the last 36 months. 
Time series data


Unusually large and small values in a data set:

Outliers


INFERENTIAL/DESCRIPTIVE Statistics:
A histogram depicting the age distribution for 30 randomly selected professors. 
Descriptive


Data that is collected over several time periods:

Time series data


INFERENTIAL/DESCRIPTIVE Statistics:
An estimate of the number of Alaska residents who have visited Canada. 
Inferential


What type of data is this?
The number of building permits issued in December 2004 in each of the counties of Texas. 
Crosssectional data


The scores on a test would be an example of measurement at which level?

Interval level


You measure the width (in inches) of a number of fabric samples. This would be an example of measurement at which level?

Ratio level
