Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Labels or names for a characteristic:
Qualitative Data (Categorical)
Process of transforming something our senses can’t perceive into something they can perceive:
Measurement
TYPE OF DATA

How tall was a single student on each of her Birthdays?
Time Series Data
An entity or object on which data are collected:
Element (also called a case or an individual)
Values of measurement that can take on a ‘natural’ or ‘absolute’ zero:
Ratio Level (How much is A/B?)
Measurement of a variable or variables on a single element:
Observation
Measurement of a variable or variables on a single element:
Quantitative Data (Cardinal)
Values of measurement that convey the relationships or ranks of the elements w/ respect to their values for the variable in question:
Ordinal Level (is A > B? is A < B?)
Characteristic of the elements whose value may differ from element to element and is of interest to the data collector:
Variable
Values of measurement that represent a category or group membership of elements:
Nominal Level (is A = B?)
Data in which values are collected from many entities during a given period of time:
Cross-Sectional Data
TYPE OF MEASUREMENT

What Is The High Temperature Today?
___ (Fahrenheit)
Continuous Interval
Measurements that are collected, recorded, and summarized for presentation, analysis, and interpretation:
Data
Manipulation of the values (or levels) of one or more (independent) variables or treatments and observation of the corresponding change in the values of one or more (dependent) variables or responses:
Experimentation
Data used to answer a question other than that for which they were originally intended:
Secondary Data
Values of measurement that convey how much more or less one value is less than another value:
Interval Level (how much is A - B?)
TYPE OF MEASUREMENT

How Many Automobiles Do You Currently Own?
___ (Number)
Discrete Ratio
Data collected by the user to to answer a specific question:
Primary Data
-Survey collection(observation)
-Experimentation
A summary measure used to describe values of a variable for the entire population:
Parameter
The art and science of collecting, describing, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data:
Statistics
TYPE OF MEASUREMENT

What Is Your Annual Income? ________ ($)
Continuous Ratio
Data in which values are collected from a single entity over several (usually successive) time periods:
Time Series Data
Selection of a proportion of the population and measurement or observation of the values of the variables in question for the selected elements:
Survey/Observation
What type of data includes newspapers, magazines, books, on-line databases, govt. publications, and websites?
Secondary Data
Collection of all possible elements of interest:
Population
An estimate of the value of a parameter based on the elements that belong to the sample:
Statistic (can be descriptive or inferential)
Science of numerically measuring the likelihood that a given event will occur(i.e. use of deductive logic):
Probability
TYPE OF DATA

How tall is each student in this class?
Cross-Sectional Data
Collection of the values for all variables of interest that correspond to all elements of a population:
Census

-data TELLS/SAYS something to us
-size of census denoted 'N'
Tabular, graphical, and numerical methods used to summarize one or more characteristics of a population or a sample:
Descriptive Statistics
Sampling in which all samples of size n are equally likely:
Simple Random Sampling
Using data obtained through sampling to estimate the value of or test a hypothesis about a parameter:
Inferential Statistics

(i.e., use of INDUCTIVE logic)
A collection of elements that comprise a subset of the population:
Sample

-data SUGGESTS/IMPLIES something to us
-size of sample denoted 'n'
Data collected at the same point in time:
Cross-sectional data
How many observations are there in a complete data set having 10 elements and 5 variables?
10
What is the most common type of observational study?
Survey
What type of data is this?

The number of building permits issued in Dalls, Texas in each of the last 36 months.
Time series data
Unusually large and small values in a data set:
Outliers
INFERENTIAL/DESCRIPTIVE Statistics:

A histogram depicting the age distribution for 30 randomly selected professors.
Descriptive
Data that is collected over several time periods:
Time series data
INFERENTIAL/DESCRIPTIVE Statistics:

An estimate of the number of Alaska residents who have visited Canada.
Inferential
What type of data is this?

The number of building permits issued in December 2004 in each of the counties of Texas.
Cross-sectional data
The scores on a test would be an example of measurement at which level?
Interval level
You measure the width (in inches) of a number of fabric samples. This would be an example of measurement at which level?
Ratio level