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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Hypnosis
A systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened state of suggestibility
Insomnia
Chronic problems in getting adequate sleep
Latent Content
According to Freud, the hidden or disguised meaning of the events in a dream
Manifest content
According to Freud, the plot of a dream at a surface level.
MDMA
A compound drug relates to both amphetamines and hallucinogens, especially mescaline; commonly called "ecstasy"
Meditation
A family of mental exercises in which a conscious atempt is made to focus attention in a nonanalytical way.
Narcolepsy
a disease marked by sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking periods
Narcotics
drugs derived from opium that are capable of relieving pain
Non Rem sleep
sleep stages 1 through 4, which are marked by an absence of rapid eye movements, relatively little dreaming and varied EEG activity.
Physical dependence
The condition that exists when a person must continue to take a drug to avoid withdrawal illness.
pyschoactive drugs
Chemical substances that modify mental, emotional, or behavioral functioning
Psychological dependence
The condition that exists when a person must continue to take a drug in order to satisfy intense mental and emotional craving for the drug.
Discriminative Stimuli
Cues that influence operant behavior by indicating the probable consequences of a response.
Elicit
To draw out of bring forth
Emit
to send forth
Escape learning
A type of learning in which an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation.
Extinction
The gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency
Fixed interval schedule
A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given for the 1st response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed.
Fixed ratio schedule
A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses.
Higher-order conditioning
A type of conditioning in which a conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus.
Intermittent reinforcement
A reinforcement schedule in which a designated response is reinforced only some of the time.
Learning
A relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience.
Negative reinforcement
The strenghtening of a response b/c it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus.
Observational learning
A type of learning that occurs when an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others, who are called models.
Operant Conditioning
A form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequencs .
Classical Conditioning
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus.
Elaboration
Linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding.
Encoding
Forming a memory code
Encoding specificity principle
The idea that the value of a retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code.
Episodic memory system
Chronological, or temporally dated, recollections of personal experiences.
Explicit memory
intentional recollection of previous experiences.
Flashbulb memories
Unusually vivid and detailed recollections of momentous events.
Forgetting curve
A graph showing retention and forgetting over time.
Hindsight bias
The tendency to mold one's interpretation of the past to fit how events actually turned out.
Implicit memory
Type of memory apparent when retention is exhibited on a task that does not require intentional remembering.