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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
personality
patterns of beliefs, attitudes, and actions
id
goal=satisfy biological drives
pleasure principle (seek immediate gratification)
superego
partially consciou.
goal=obey rules, appro. behavoir
demands opppose Id
overbearing=uptight & guilty
weak=self indulgent and remoresless
ego
mediated id and superego
goal=meet real life demands
reality principle (gratify id's repulses in realistic ways)
Stages of Psychosexual Development
Oral (0-1)
Anal (2-3)
Phallic (4-5)
Latency (7-puberty)
Genital
fixation
focus on pleasure seeking energies in earlier psychosexual stage- conflicts were unsolved
Defense Mechanisms
-unconsciou; when ego fears losing control of id-superego conflict
>repression
>reaction formation
>projection
>rationalization
>displacement
projective tests
personality test that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of ones inner dynamics
Thematic Apperception Test
view pictures and make up stories about them to express inner feelings and interests
inkblock test
to identify people's inner feelings by anazlying their interpretations of the blots
humanistic perspective
ways "healthy" ppl strive for self-determination and self-realization
trait perspective
explain personality in terms of dynamics that underlie behavior describing traits
endomorph
relaxed and jolly
ex.Santa
ectomorph
high strung and solitary/ slim
ex. sherlock holmes
mesomorph
bold and physically active/ muscular
ex.superman
assessing traits
profile a person's behavior patterns
personality inventories
questions covering wide range of feelings and behaviors
MMPI
identiy emotional disorders
social-cognitive perspective
behavior influenced by interaction between persons(& thinking) and social context
learned helplessness
feeling hopeless when repeatedly faced with traumatic events over which they have no control
self serving bias
readiness to percieve ourselves favorably