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77 Cards in this Set
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when do you use a semicolon?
1) 
1) between independent clauses (complete sentences) when the coordinating conjunction has been left out


when do you use a semicolon?
2) 
2) when one or both of the independent clauses contain conjunctive adverbs ("in addition to") or commas,


when do you use a colon?

1) before a list
2) when second clause explains or defines the first clause, then capitalize 2nd clause if it is a complete sentence 3)before long quotes (over 5 lines) (quote indented) 

how do you punctuate poems, essays, songs, short stories, and magazine articles?

" "


Capitalize what?

First word in a sentence.
Proper Nouns (specific Person, Place or Thing) (Spanish lace, Niagara Falls) compass points for specific region(grew up in the South) but do not capitalize (wind comes from the east) historical events, months, days, holidays (Revolutionary War, Thanksgiving) 

capitalize what else

organizations, languages, religious references:
Lions Club, English, Heaven Special places, items, & Brand Names: Statue of Liberty, Nobel Peace Prize, Kleenextm Titles: Rabbi Gold, Dr., Ms. Parts of correspondence: Dear, Very sincerely 

what are the counting numbers

1 2 3 4 5 6 ...


what are wh0le numbers?

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 ...


what are integers?

...3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, ....
positive AND neg. wh0le numbers 

what are real numbers?

all positive and negative numbers, incl. decimals, fractions NOT ZERO!


what are cardinal numbers?

numbers that tell amount :
there are 12 donuts in the box and 2 toys on the ground 

Ordinal numbers are?

numbers that tell order: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 9th etc;


exponents
x^1 = ? 
x^1 = itself
x^1 = x 

exponents
x^0 = 
x^0 = 1 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!


what is a perfect square?
(in square roots) 
a # whose square root is a whole number


in multiplication with integers and negative signs, how do you figure out if the answer is positive or negative?

if count is odd: negative
if count is even, then # is positive 

what defines prime numbers?

only has two factors: itself and 1


what is GCF?

greatest common factor


what is LCM?

least common multiple


divisibility tricks:
for 3 
if digits added together are divisible by 3, it's divisible by three


divisibility trick:
6 
if number is DIVISIBLE by 2 AND 3, then it is divisible by 6


divisibility trick:
9 
if digits added up are divisible by 9, # is divisible by 9


divisibility trick:
4 
if LAST TWO digits are divisible by 4, # is divisible by 4


divisibility trick:
8 
if LAST TWO digits are divisible by 8, then # divisible by 8


what is 17% of 40? how to figure...?

.17 x 40 =


5 is what percent of 20? how to figure...

5 / 20 =
(5 divided by 20) 

increase or decrease percent problem, how to figure?

remember to get increase and add to original,
or get decrease and subtract from original 

improper fraction or mixed number, an example?

3/2 (= more than 1)


how to add simple fractions?

1/4 + 1/4 = 2/4


how to multiply fractions?

numerator x numerator,!
denominator x denominator! 

how to divide fractions?

5/9 / 1/9 =
5/9 x 9/1 45/9 = 5 

change 1/3 into a decimal...

1 divided by 3


PROBABILITY:
OR usually means... 
OR usually means ADD the ratios(fractions)


PROBABILITY:
AND usually means... 
AND usually means MULTIPLY the ratios(fractions)


what is the MEAN?

average


what is the median?

when all numbers are arranged low to high, the middle placement.
1 2 2 3 3 5 6 7 9 the second 3 is the median. 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 9 4 and 5 then average,mean it to 4.5 is median 

what is the mode?

mode is the number that appears most often.
1 2 2 2 3 5 6 7 9 9 mode is 2 (WHAT IS MOD, in style: MOD e) 

permutations/ combinations ?
???????????????HUH? on others? 
3! 3 x 2 x 1
example how many combinations of ABC ...3 ltrs...3x2x1= 6 

what is 1.2 x 10^4
scientific notation 
12,000


Acute Angle is?

angle less than 90 degrees


right angle is?

angle that is exactly 90 degrees


OBTUSE angle is ?

angle that is MORE than 90 degrees.


when one line BISECTS another what is true about the angles involved?

opposing angles are equal, AND,
adjacent angles add up to 180 degrees 

Triangle is ?

any shape with three sides and three angles.


TRIANGLE AREA?

1/2(base x height)
one half x (Base X Height) 

Triangle perimeter?

perimeter = side1 + side2 + side3


SQUARE is?

a foursided figure with four RIGHT ANGLES and sides of EQUAL LENGTH


SQUARE area is?

side length squared
side^2 

Rectangle is?

a four sided figure with four right angles. a square is a rectangle, but but not all rectangles can be squares (equal sides in a square)


parallelogram is?

four sided figure with 2 pairs of sides that are the same length. all rectangles are also parallelograms, but not all parallelograms are rectangles.(rectangles4 rt angles)


Triangle perimeter?

perimeter = side1 + side2 + side3


SQUARE is?

a foursided figure with four RIGHT ANGLES and sides of EQUAL LENGTH


SQUARE area is?

side length squared
side^2 

Rectangle is?

a four sided figure with four right angles. a square is a rectangle, but but not all rectangles can be squares (equal sides in a square)


parallelogram is?

four sided figure with 2 pairs of sides that are the same length. all rectangles are also parallelograms, but not all parallelograms are rectangles.(rectangles4 rt angles)


rectangle area is ?

rectangle area :
l x w 

rectangle perimeter?

rectangle perimeter2l + 2w


parallelogram area is?

parallelogram area:
base x height 

parallelogram perimeter is?

2b+2h


trapezoid area is?

trapezoid area is
_______________________ 

circle area?

Pi r squared
__________ 

circle perimeter?

2 Pi r circle perimeter is two pie r (better than one)


cube is? cube volume? surface area?

cube 6 sided figure with sides all same length& all angles are rt angles
volume: s cubed surface area: 6 s squared 

rectangular prism is?
volume? surface area? 
6 sided figure where all angles are right angles. All cubes are rect. prisms.
volume: l x w x h surface area: 2lw + 2lh + 2wh 

sphere volume:

sphere volume:
4/3 Pi r cubed 

cone volume?

cone volume = 1/3 Pi r squared h


Cylinder volume?

cylinder volume:
Pi r squared h 

cylinder surface area?

cylinder surface area:
2 pi r (h + r) 

PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM?

right triangle:
___________________ 

hypotenuse:

longest side of a right angle: opposite rt angle.


milli centi deci *

deca hecto kilo


100 celsius = boiling water
in F: 
F boiling water at 212 degrees


human temp: 98.6
in celsius? 
celsius body temp: 37


Freezing point of water in Celsius?

0


freezing point of water in F:

32 degrees


what is F/celsius formula?

F = 9/5 C + 32


formula for slope?

_____________________
