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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Soft tissue mass in middle ear?
Cholesteatoma
Chronic otitis media
Granulation tissue
Cholesterol granuloma
Glomus tympanicum tumor
Aberrant internal carotid artery
High or dehiscent jugular bulb
Vascular mass in middle ear?
Glomus tympanicum
Aberrant carotid artery
Carotid artery aneurysm
Persistent stapedial artery
Exposed jugular bulb
Exposed carotid artery
Hemangioma
Extensive glomus jugulare
Intracanalicular internal auditory canal masses?
Exclusively intracanalicular lesions:
Acoustic neuroma
Facial neuroma
Hemangioma
Lipoma
Not primarily intracanalicular
Meningioma
Epidermoid
Jugular fossa mass?
Glomus jugular tumor (most common)
Neurofibroma (2nd most common)
Schwannoma
Chondrosarcoma
Mets
Mastoid bone defect?
Neoplastic bone destruction
Cholesteatoma
Post-op simple mastoidectomy
Post-op radical mastoidectomy
Post-truamatic deformity
Petrous apex lesions?
Cholesterol granuloma
Mucocele
Epidermoid
Chondrosarcoma
Chordoma
Enodlymphatic sac tumor
Orbital masses by etiology?
Tumors:
Hemangioma
Lymphoma
Mets
Lymphangioma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Nemangiopericytoma
Neurofibroma
Inflammatory
Pseudotumor
Thyroid ophthalmopathy
Cellulitis, abscess
Wegener's
Vascular:
Carotid-cavernous fistula
Venous varix
Thrombosis of superior ophthalmic vein
Trauma:
Hematoma
Foreign body
Extraconal disease?
Nasal disease:
Infection
Neoplasm
Orbital bone disease:
Subperiosteal abscess
Osteomyelitis
Fibrous dysplasia
Tumors
Trauma
Sinus disease:
Mucocele
Invasive infections
Neoplasm
Lacrimal gland disease:
Adenitis
Lymphoma
Pseudotumor
Tumor
Intraconal disease?
Well-defined margins:
Hemangioma
Schwannoma
Orbital varix
Meningioma
Ill-defined margins:
Pseudotumor
Infection
Lymphoma
Mets
Muscle enlargement:
Pseudotumor
Grave's
Myositis
Carotid cavernous fistula
Vascular orbital lesions?
Tumor:
Hemangioma, hemangioendothelioma, hemangiopericytoma
Lymphangioma
Meningioma
Vascular (with enlarged SOV):
Carotid cavernous fistula
Cavernous thrombosis
Orbital varix
Ophthalmic artery aneurysm
Optic nerve sheath enlargement?
Tumor:
Optic nerve glioma
Meningioma
Meningeal carcinomatosis
Mets, lymphoma, leukemia
Inflammatory:
Optic neuritis
Pseudotumor
Sarcoid
Increased ICP
Hematoma
Tramtrack enhancement of orbital nerve?
Optic nerve meningioma
Optic neuritis
Idiopathic
Pseudotumor
Sarcoidosis
Leukemia, lymphoma
Perioptic hemorrhage
Mets
Normal variant
Third nerve palsy?
Compression:
Intracranial aneurysm
Uncal herniation
Tumors
Granuloma (Tolosa-Hunt, sarcoid)
Infection:
Encephalitis
Meningitis
Herpes zoster
Vasculitis, dural cavernous sinus fistula
Demyelination
Trauma
Infiltration (leptomeningeal carcinomatosis)
Ocular muscle enlargement?
Thyroid ophthalmopathy; painless
Pseudotumor; painful
Infection from adjacent sinus
Granulomatous: TB, sarcoid, cysticercosis
Dural AVM
Carotid cavernous sinus fistula
Lymphangioma
Hemorrhage
Lymphoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Leukemia
Mets
Trauma
Acromegaly
Apical mass
Childhood orbital masses?
"LO VISON"
Leukemia
Optic nerve glioma
Vascular malformation (hemangioma, lymphangioma)
Inflammation
Sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma
Ophthalmopathy, orbital pseudotumor
Neuroblastoma
Cystic lesions of the orbit?
Dermoid
Epidermoid
Teratoma
Aneurysmal bone cyst
Cholesterol granuloma
Colobomatous cyst
T1 Hyperintense orbital masses?
Tumor:
Melanotic melanoma
Retinoblastoma
Choroidal mets
Hemangioma
Detachment:
Coat's disease
Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous
Trauma
Hemorrhage
Phthisis bulbi
Intravitreal oil treatment for detachment
Globe calcifications?
Tumor:
Retinoblastoma
Astrocytic hamartoma
Choroidal osteoma
Infection:
Toxoplasmosis
Herpes
CMV
Rubella
Phthisis bulbi
Optic nerve drusen
Sudden onset of proptosis?
Orbital varix
Hemorrhage
CCF
Hemorrhage into lymphangioma
Thrombosis of SOV
Lacrimal gland enlargement?
Lymphoid lesions:
Benign lymphoid hyperplasia
Pseudotumor
Sjogren's
Mikulicz's
Lymphoma
Epithelial neoplasm:
Pleomorphic adenoma
Adneoid cystic carcinoma
Diffuse bone abnormality?
Fibrous dysplasia
Paget's
Thalassemia
Osteopetrosis
Craniometaphyseal and diphyseal dysplasia
Radiopaque sinuses?
Normal variant:
Hypoplasia
Unilateral thick bone
Sinusitis:
Allergic
Fungal: asperigillosis, mucomycosis
Granulomatous: sarcoid, Wegener's
Solid masses:
SCCa
Polyp, inverted papilloma
Lymphoma
Juvenile angiofibroma
Mucocele
Post-surgical:
Caldwell-Luc operation
Mucosal space mass in nasopharynx?
Tumors:
SCCa
Lymphoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Melanoma
Benign masses:
Adenoids
Juvenile angiofibroma
Thornwaldt's cyst
Parapharyngeal and carotid space masses?
Tumors:
Salivary gland tumors
Schwannoma, glomus vagale
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Lymphadenopathy
Abscess, cellulitis
Prevertebral mass?
Mets
Chordoma
Osteomyelitis
Abscess
Hematoma
Cystic extrathyroid lesions in neck?
Branchial cleft cyst (lateral to carotid artery)
Thyroglossal duct cyst (midline)
Ranula of sublingal glands
Retention cysts of mucus glands
Cystic hygroma
Cervical thymic cysts
Dermoid
Teratoma
Hemangioma
Cystic extrathyroid lesions in naso-oropharynx?
Thornwaldt's cyst
Mucus retention cyst
Necrotic SCCa
Cystic extrathyroid lesions in larynx, paralaryngeal space?
Laryngocele
Mucus retention cyst
Cystic thyroid lesions?
Colloid cysts
Cystic degeneration
Cystic tumors:
Papillary cancer
Cystic mets (papillary ca)
Solid neck mass?
Tumors:
SCCa of larynx or naso-oropharynx
Lymphadenopathy
Parotid tumors
Neural tumors (neurilemoma, neurofibroma, glomus tumors)
Mesenchymal, dermoid, teratoma tumors
Inflammatory:
Infection
Granulomatous (sarcoid, TB)
Congenital
Ectopic thyroid
Vascular head and neck masses?
Glomus tumor:
Carotid body tumor
Glomus vagale
Glomus jugulare
Glomus tympanicum
Hemangioma
AVM
Aneurysm
Pseudoaneurysm
Post-traumatic
ENT complications in AIDS patients?
Parotid:
Multiple intraparotid cystic masses
Lymphadenopathy
Sinonasal:
Sinusitis
Kaposi sarcoma
Oral cavity:
Candida
Periodontal and gingival infections
Pharynx/larynx:
Opportunisitic infections
Epiglottitis
Lymphoma (tonsils)
Temporal bone:
Otitis media (P. carinii)
Otitis externa (Pseudomonas)