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22 Cards in this Set

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This pneumonia has:
Sudden onset
Rusty sputum-becomes yellow
Lobar consolidation
Pneumococcus

DOC is PCN
but use a macrolide and Ceph
This pneumonia has:
Pink-salmon sputum
Common with drug abusers & prosthetics
In infants, pneumatoceles
Staphyllococcal

Tx: Nafcicillin or Vancy
This organism causing pneumonia is:
Rare
Massive empyema
Gram + cocci in pairs of chains
Strep pyogenes

Tx: PCN G
organism causing pneumonia assoc. with cystic fibrosis and nosocomial
Pseudomonas
organism causing pneumonia assoc. with alcoholics
Klebsiella
organism causing pneumonia assoc. with COPD
M.Cat
Coccobacillus
H.flu
organism causing pneumonia assoc. with bacteremia of intestines or UTI
E.Coli
community aquired gram negative
Hemophillus influenza
reddish “currant jelly” sputum
involvement of multiple lobes
Klebsiella
what are the 2 syndromes of legionellosis?
Legionaire's disease
Pontiac fever-less severe
what is the definitive test for legionella?
indirect fluorescent antibody testing
how do you treat legionella
Erythromycin
MCC of pneumonia in teens & young adults especially in close contact (dorms, military)
Mycoplasma pneumonia
MCC of atypical pneumonia
Mycoplasma
Most common cause of interstitial pneumonia in immunocompromised patients
PCP
Bullous myringitis in smokers suggests?
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
MCC of bronchiolitis, esp in infants
RSV- resp syncytial virus
Name the 2 groups of community-acquired pneumonia
Typical:
S pneumoniae (pneumococcus)
Haemophilus
Staphylococcus

Atypical:
Legionella
Mycoplasma
Chlamydia
what is the MC pneumonia seen in children?
Viral pneumonia
MCC of lower respiratory infection in infants and young children
RSV
MCC of bronchiectasis
Cystic Fibrosis
MCC of a transudative and exudative pleural effusions
Transudative: Systemic factors such as:
Left ventricular failure(CHF)
PE
Cirrhosis

Exudative: Local factors such as:
Pneumonias
Cancers
Also PE