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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Apnea
Situation in which there is an absence of breathing
Atelectasis
Incomplete (atel) dilation (ectasis)of lung tissue

Collapsed lung
Bronchiectasis
Excessive dilation (extasis) of bronchi characterized by accumulation of mucus in the dilated space
Bronchitis
Inflammation (itis) of the bronchi
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Long-term disease in which there is an obstruction in the lungs causing respiratory difficulty
Cough
Sudden noise signaling expulsion of air from the lungs
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing
Emphysema
Condition in which the alveioli or the lungs have been blown in.

The lungs have been permanently overinflated
Epistaxis
Nosebleed during which blood drips (staxis) upon a surface (epi)
Hemoptysis
Spitting(ptysis) of blood(hemo) from the respiratory tract
Hemothorax
Condition in which there is blood in thoracic cavity between the two pleura
Hyperventilation
Excessive breathing
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx
Laryngospasm
Sudden contraction of larynx
Laryngotracheobronchitis
Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
Nasal Polyp
Projecting growth arising from the mucous membrane of the nose
Orthopnea
Condition in which breathing is easier when a person is an an upright or straight position
Pleural Effusion
Flowing of fluid into the pleural space
Pleurisy
Inflammation of the pleura
Pneumonia
Disease of the lungs

Usually an inflammation of the lungs
Pneumonoconiosis
Lung condition caused by inhalation of various types of dust particles (coni)
Pneumothorax
Condition in which there is air in thoracic cavity outside the lungs between the two pleura
Pulmonary Edema
Condition in which there is excessive fluid in the lungs
Pyothorax
Condition in which there is pus in the thoracic cavity between the two pleura
Sinusitis
Inflammation of the paranasas sinuses
Tachypnea
Abnormally fast breathing
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus
Tuberculosis
Condition usually of the lung in which small nodes (tubercles) develop as part of the disease process
Adventitious Breath Sounds
Abnormal or unusual noises heard in the lungs thru a stethoscope
Pleural Friction Rub
Sound heard as inflamed pleura rub against each other
Rales
Abnormal rattling or chracking sound

Also called crackles
Rhonchi
Coarse snoring sound
Wheeze
High pitched continous blowing sound
Bronchogram
X-ray picture of the bronchi taken following the injection of a radiopaque substance
Bronchophony
Abnormal increase in the intensity of the voice sounds heard while listening to the lungs
Egophony
Sounds heard thru a stethoscope that resemble the high-pitched bleating of a goat (ego - variation of aigo)
Lavage
Washing (lavage) of the sinuses

Usually to remove infectious material
Laryngectomy
Removal (ectomy) of the voice box
Lobectomy
Removal of one of the lobes of the lungs
Pectoriloquy
Sound of the whispered word (loquy) is unusually loud when listened to thru the chest (pectori) wall
Pneumonectomy
Removal of one of the lungs
Spirometry
Test used to measure the efficiency of breathing
Thoracentesis
Surgical puncture into the thoracic cavity for the removal of fluid

Also called pleurocentesis or puncture of the pleura
Thoracotomy
Making an opening into the thorax to carry out a surgical procedure
Tracheostomy
Surgical procedure done to make a somewhat permanent opening (ostomy) into the trachea