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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Risk factors for DVT
Virchow's triad
endothelial injury
Hampton's hump on CXR
causes of exudative effusion
leaky capillaries - malignancy, TB, bacterial or viral infection, PE with infarct, pancreatitis
causes of transudative effusions
CHF, liver or kidney disease, and protein losing enteropathy
pulmonary lesion of sarcoidosis
non-caseating granuloma
normalizing PCO2 in an acute asthma exacerbation may indicate
fatigue and impending resp failure
dyspnea, lateral hilar lymphadenopathy on CXR, increased ACE, and hypercalcemia
treatment for child resenting with acute asthma attack
IV steroids
Curschmann's spirals (whorled mucous plugs)
bronchial asthma
PFT showing decreased FEV1/FVC
obstructive disease
PFT showing increased FEV1/FVC
restrictive disease
infant with failure to thrive, frequent pulmonary infections and greasy stools. Dx test?
sweat chloride test >60mEq/L = CF
common pathogens in CF pts?
Pseudomonas and S. aureus
homeycomb pattern on CXR. Dx? Rx?
Diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis
Supportive care +/- steroids
treatment for SVC syndrome
treatment for mild persistent asthma
inhaled B-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids
acid-base disorder in pulmonary embolism
hypoxia and hypocarbia
NSCLC associated with hypercalcemia
squamous cell
lung cancer associated with SIADH
lung cancer highly related to cigarette exposure
characteristics favouring carcinoma in an isolated pulmonary nodule
45-50 y/o, lesions new or larger c/w older films, absence of calcification or irregular calcification, >2cm, irregular margins
hypoxemia and pulmonary edema with normal PCWP
increased risk of which infection with silicosis
causes of hypoxemia
R to L shunt
low inspired O2 tension
diffusion defect
V/Q mismatch
classic CXR findings for pulm. edema
prominent pulmonary vessels
Kerley B lines
bat wing appearance of hilar shadows
perivascular and peribronchial cuffing