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76 Cards in this Set

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CBC Normal Vlaues: WBC
4.4-11.3 x 103 cells/µL
CBC Normal Vlaues: Neutrophils (PMNs)
45-73%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Band neutrophils
3-5%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Lymphocytes
20-40%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Monocytes
2-8%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Eosinophils
0-4%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Basophils
0-1%
CBC Normal Vlaues: RBC, male
4.5-5.9 x 106 cells/µL
CBC Normal Vlaues: RBC, female
4.1-5.1 x 106 cells/µL
CBC Normal Vlaues: MCV
80-96%
CBC Normal Vlaues: HgB, male
14-17.5 g/dL
CBC Normal Vlaues: HgB, female
12.3-15.3 g/dL
CBC Normal Vlaues: MCH
27-33 pg/cell
CBC Normal Vlaues: HCt, male
42-50%
CBC Normal Vlaues: HCt, female
36-45%
CBC Normal Vlaues: Ptls
150-450000/µL
What is left shift
elevated Band neutrophils
What CBC values is elevated in bacterial infections
Neutrophils (PMNs)
What CBC values is elevated in parasitic infections
Eosinophils
What CBC values is elevated with allergic response
Basophils
W what are the tests for the CBC >--<
WBC> Hbg//HCt < Plts
What type of anemia results from reduced levels of RBC, HgB, Hct, MCV, and MCH
Iron deficient
What type of anemia results from reduced levels of RBC, HgB, Hct, and elevated levels of MCV and MCH
Vit B deficainy or folate deficiancy
What type of anemia results from reduced levels of RBC, HgB, Hct, and normal MCV and MCH
Anemia of chronic disease
Urinalysis Normal Values: Color
Straw
Urinalysis Normal Values: Clarity
Clear
Urinalysis Normal Values: Specific Gravity
1.010-1.025 mg/mL
Urinalysis Normal Values: pH
8-Jun
Urinalysis Normal Values: Protein
2-8 mg/dL
Urinalysis Normal Values: Glucose
Not detected
Urinalysis Normal Values: Ketones
Negative
Urinalysis Normal Values: Blood
Negative
Urinalysis Normal Values: Bilirubin
Not Detected
Urinalysis Normal Values: Urobilinogen
0.1-1 unit/dL
Urinalysis Normal Values: Nitrite
Negative
Urinalysis Normal Values: Leukocyte esterase
Negative
What urinalysis values indicate bacterial infection when elevated
Nitrite and Leukocyte esterase
Chemistry Normal Values: Na+
135-145 mEq/L
Chemistry Normal Values: K+
3.5-5 mEq/L
Chemistry Normal Values: CO2
24-30 mEq/L
Chemistry Normal Values: Cl-
96-106 mEq/L
Chemistry Normal Values: Fasting blood glucose
80-110 mg.dL
Chemistry Normal Values: A1C
4-6%
Chemistry Normal Values: BUN
8-20 mg/dL
Chemistry Normal Values: Cr
0.7-1.5 mg/dL
Chemistry Normal Values: CrCl
90-140 mL/min/1.73m2
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Na+ of <135 mEq/L indicates?
Diuretics, diarrhea, reduced kidney function
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Na+ of >145 mEq/L indicates?
Fever, TPN, some antibiotics
Non-normal Chemistry Values: K+ of <3.5 mEq/L indicates?
Diuretics, prolonged diarrhea or vomitting
Non-normal Chemistry Values: K+ of >5 mEq/LL indicates?
Uncontolled DM, K+ sparring diuretics, salt subst,. reduced kidney
Non-normal Chemistry Values: CO2 fo <24 mEq/L indicates?
pH dec; resp alkalosis (hyperventilation), metab acidosis (GI use)
Non-normal Chemistry Values: CO2 >30 mEq/L indicates?
pH inc; resp acidosis (decline resp), metab alk (decreased CO2 excretion)
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Cl- of <96 mEq/L indicates?
Severe diarrhea or vomiting; bicarbonate; steriods, etc
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Cl- of >106 mEq/L indicates?
Dehydration; NSAIDs; HTCZ
Non-normal Chemistry Values: FBG <70 mg/dL indicates?
Insulin overdose; lack of food consumption
Non-normal Chemistry Values: FSB of >110 mg/dL indicates?
Diabetes; stree; steriods; pregnancy; non-fasting?
Non-normal Chemistry Values: FBG 100-125 mg/dL indicates?
prediabetes
Non-normal Chemistry Values: 2 values of FSB of >126 mg/dL indicates?
Diabetes
Non-normal Chemistry Values: A1C of >6.5-7% indicates?
Poor glucose regulation
Non-normal Chemistry Values: BUN of <8 mg/dL indicates?
Malnourished; profound liver disease (dec production of urea)
Non-normal Chemistry Values: BUN of >20 mg/dL indicates?
High-protein diet; lower urine blood flow (inc urea present)
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Cr of <0.7 mg/dL indicates?
DKA; older patients; liver disease (less often a concern)
Non-normal Chemistry Values: Cr of >1.5 mg/dL indicates?
Declining renal function
Formula for CrCl
((140-age) x IBW) / (72 x SCr*) [x 0.85 in females]IBW = [50gk(males) or 45kg(female)] + 2.3kg (for every inch >5ft), *round SCr to 1 in frail elderly
BPM analyses: --|--|--<
Na+ / K+ || Cl- / CO2 || BUN / Cr < Glucose
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: AST (SGOT)
8-42 IU/L
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: ALT (SGPT)
3-30 IU/L
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: ALP
44-147 IU/L
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: Total bilirubin
0.3-1 mg/dL
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: Total protein
5.5-8.3 g/dL
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: Albumin
3.5-5 g/dL
Liver (LFT) Normal Values: PT, clotting time
10-13 sec; INR = 1
Elevated AST indicates?
alcohol consumption; liver damage
Elevated ALT indicates?
hepatitis; liver damage
Decreased Albumin indicates?
cirrhosis; alcoholism; trauma; malnutrition
PT, clotting time is affected by what
affected by drugs (Coumadin) and plts