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31 Cards in this Set

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Where should the cuff be placed when performing BP.
2.5 cm or one and a half fingers breath above the antecubital fossa.
What is nomal BP for an infant age 1-4?
100 to 108mmHg (systolic); 60 mmHg (diastolic)
True or False: PTAs can accept tips from patients.
False, standard 6.3 clearly states that PTAs are not allowed to take tips.
A patient mistakes you as a PT, what should you do?
Let the patient know that you are a PTA.
Providing a monetary "kick-back" to a doctor for referring his/her patients to your facility violates what standard?
Exploitation of Patients
Which of the following tasks cannot be performed by a PTA? Ultrasound, Blood pressure, Evaluation, Range of motion measuring
Evaluation
True or False: it is illegal for a PTA to sell a product to patients that they have invented.
False, but they must disclose their interest in the product.
True or False: a PTA can provide a prognosis to a patient.
False, only a PT can do this.
True or False: Medicaid is the government's insurance plan for the elderly.
False, Medicare
The fact that a patient has the right to know the side-effects of a treatment fall under what ethical category?
Informed consent
What is normal BP.
120/80
True or False: Diastolic BP increases steadily throughout exercise.
FALSE
Diastolic BP remains essentially unchanged, or rises by only 10-15 mm Hg
None
What is normal respiration rate for an adult?
12-18 respirations/minute
Which phase of blood pressure reflects contraction of the ventricles?
systolic
True or False:
The resting HR of an infant is slower than that of an adult
False
Adult resting HR is 60-100 bpm; newborn is 100-130 bpm
The popliteal pulse is found where?
Posterior aspect of the knee
Your patient is 50 years old. What is his Max HR? Target HR?
Max HR is 170 bpm
Target HR is 102-136 bpm
Describe direct access.
It means that PTs can treat patients without the referal form a physician.
True or False: Patients have the right to refuse treatment.
TRUE
None
Describe patient confidentiality.
Any medical information revealed by a patient or discovered by a PT or PTA in connection with the treatment of a patient may not disclosed.
True or False: A temperature greater than 100° F is considered abnormal.
TRUE
When describing pain which descriptive terms should be used?
Location, quality, pattern, severity, aggravating and relieving factors and functional implications.
None
Name the five vital signs.
Heart Rate, BP, Temperature, Respiration Rate, and Pain
True or False: it is normal for the respiration rate to increase as the level of exercise plateaus.
False
True or False: Normal respiration rates are higher for infants then adults.
True
True or False: temperatures taken rectally are more accurate then those taken by mouth.
True
True or False: temperatures over 38 degrees C are considered abnormal.
True
Name the site in the upper extremity where temperatures be taken?
Axilla or armpit
What is the desired deflation rate of the blood pressure cuff when taking BP?
2-3 mmHg per second
What is the desired positon of the arm on which you are measuring BP?
It should be at the level of the heart.
Describe the method of determining how much pressure you should inflate the cuff too.
Palpate the radial artery, then inflate the cuff until you can no longer feel the pulse. Note the pressure on the sphygmomanometer and add 15-20 mmHg.