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33 Cards in this Set

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Where should the cuff be placed when performing BP.

2.5 cm or one and a half fingers breath above the antecubital fossa.

What is nomal BP for a child age 1-4?

100 to 108 mmHg (systolic); 60 mmHg (diastolic)

True or False: Hypotension is defined as a diastolic pressure that is consistently below 100 mmHg.

False, systolic pressure

True or False: a patient is considered to have stage I hypertension when the resting systolic BP is consistently over 140 mmHg or the diastolic BP is more than 90 mmHg.

True

True or False: sharp, bright, lightening-like pain can be related to nerve damage?

True

True or False: an increase is blood volume is accompanied with a decrease in BP.

False, increase in BP

True or False: Phase I and V are the two most important Korotkoff sounds used to identify a patient's BP.

True

True or False: The most common site to measure BP is the radial artery.

False, brachial

True or False: Younger patients (adolescents) exhibit lower systolic and diastolic values compared to the elderly (>65 years).

True

True or False: When using a visual analog scale to assess pain, the higher the number the greater the pain?

True

What is normal BP.

120/80

True or False: Diastolic BP increases steadily throughout exercise.

FALSE
Diastolic BP remains essentially unchanged, or rises by only 10-15 mm Hg
What is normal respiration rate for an adult?
12-18 respirations/minute

Which phase of blood pressure reflects contraction of the ventricles?

systolic

True or False: The resting HR of an infant is slower than that of an adult

False
Adult resting HR is 60-100 bpm; newborn is 100-130 bpm
The popliteal pulse is found where?
Posterior aspect of the knee

Your patient is 50 years old. What is his Max HR? Target HR?

Max HR is 170 bpm
Target HR is 102-136 bpm

True or False: A pulse oximeter measures the level of carbon dioxide in the blood.

False, oxygen

True or False: Patients with high BP are more susceptible to a stroke.

TRUE

True or False, a patient is considered to be hyperpyrexic with at temperature higher than 103 degrees F.

False, 106 degrees F

True or False: A temperature greater than 100° F is considered abnormal.
TRUE
When describing pain which descriptive terms should be used?
Location, quality, pattern, severity, aggravating and relieving factors and functional implications.

Name the five vital signs.

Heart Rate, BP, Temperature, Respiration Rate, and Pain

True or False: it is normal for the respiration rate to increase as the level of exercise plateaus.

False

True or False: Normal respiration rates are higher for infants then adults.

True

True or False: temperatures taken rectally are more accurate then those taken by mouth.

True

True or False: temperatures over 100 degrees F are considered abnormal.

True

Name the site in the upper extremity where temperatures be taken?

Axilla or armpit

What is the desired deflation rate of the blood pressure cuff when taking BP?

2-3 mmHg per second

What is the desired positon of the arm on which you are measuring BP?

It should be at the level of the heart.

Describe the method of determining how much pressure you should inflate the cuff too.

Palpate the radial artery, then inflate the cuff until you can no longer feel the pulse. Note the pressure on the sphygmomanometer and add 15-20 mmHg.

True or False: If the BP cuff is too wide for the circumference of the patient's arm, the reading will be erroneously high.

False, the reading will be low

What is the normal level of oxygen in the blood?

95% to 100%