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39 Cards in this Set

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General
Fever, chills, malaise, fatigue, night sweats, sleep disturbance, weight change, appetite change, weakness
Eyes
visual changes, need for vision correction, eye pain, diplopia, dryness, redness, discharge, swelling, itching, burning, watering, photophobia, blurring, spots, floaters, annual ophthalmologist/optometrist eval.
Ears
): changes in hearing, vertigo, pain, sensitivity to noise, tinnitus, otorrhea, otalgia, itching, pressure, popping, excess cerumen production
Nose
): Obstruction, epistaxis, rhinorrhea, sneezing, post-nasal drainage, unusual sinus pressure, change in sense of smell, loss of sense of smell, polyps
Mouth/Throat
Pain, ulceration, bleeding, masses, halitosis, xerostomia, recent sore throats, history of dysphagia, snoring, taste disturbances, dental caries, hoarseness
Photophobia
visual intolerance of light
compare vertigo and dizziness
Vertigo refers to the sensation of spinning or whirling that occurs as a result of a disturbance in balance (equilibrium). Dizziness includes light-headedness, unsteadiness, motion intolerance, imbalance, floating, or a tilting sensation. Vertigo is a subtype of dizziness often due to inner-ear disease whereas dizziness may be due to CNS, cardiovascular or systemic diseases.
Otorrhea
discharge from the ear, esp a purulent one
Otalgia
pain in the ear; earache
epistaxis
hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed
rhinorrhea
the free discharge of a thin nasal mucus; runny nose
nasal polyps
abnormal protruding growth from a mucous membrane of the nose
halitosis
offensive breath; bad breath
xerostomia
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction, as in Sjögren syndrome
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
caries
rottennes, cavities
also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a disease wherein bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure (enamel, dentin, and cementum).[1] These tissues progressively break down, producing dental caries (cavities, holes in the teeth).
hordeola
- common disorder of the eyelid; acute focal infection (usually staphylococcal) involving either the glands of Zeis (external hordeola, or styes) or, less frequently, the meibomian glands (internal hordeola).
ptosis
fall or prolapsed; a word termination indicating a downward displacement
diplopia
the perception of 2 images of a single object; double vision
cataracts
a partial or complete opacity on or in the lens of the eye or the capsule of the lens, especially one impairing vision or causing blindness
mydriatics
a group of eye diseases characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure that causes pathologic changes in the optic disk and typical defects in the field of vision
macular degeneration
condition which usually affects older adults that results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina
retinoblastoma
a malignant congenital blastoma, occurring in both hereditary and sporadic forms, composed of tumor cells arising from embryonic retinal cells
autosomal dominant
if a disease is autosomal dominant, it means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to inherit the disease
Retinitis pigmentosa
disease where portions of the retina degenerate and excessive melanin pigment deposits in the degenerated areas
strabismus
a lack of coordination between the eyes, usually due to a muscle weakness or paralysis. Sometimes called a “squint
amblyopia
impairment of vision without detectable organic lesion of the eye
retinopathy
some form of non-inflammatory damage to the retina of the eye
gestational age
age - age of an embryo or fetus; time measured from the first day of the woman's last menstrual cycle to the current date measured in weeks
scotoma (pl)
an area of lost or depressed vision within the visual field, surrounded by an area of less depressed or of normal vision
amaurosis
blindness, especially that occurring without apparent lesion of the eye, such as from disease of the optic nerve, spine, or brain
ototoxic
causing damage to the vestibulocochlear nerve or the organs of hearing and balance
sanguinous
of or relating to blood; bloody
serous
pertaining to or resembling serum; producing or containing serum, as a serous gland or cyst
mucoid
resembling mucus
purulent
pertaining to or consisting of pus
hypoxic
pertaining to or characterized by hypoxia; reduction of oxygen supply to tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood
malocclusion
Condition in which the teeth do not touch properly when the mouth is closed (abnormal bite)
labyrinthitis
inflammation of the labyrinth; it may be accompanied by hearing loss or vertigo; ear disorder that involves irritation and swelling of the inner ear