Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/12

Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Parietal Lobe
Somatosensory COrtex

governs pressure, temp, pain, gustsation
Gerstman Syndrome
damange to left parietal lobe

finger agnosia, right-left confusion, agraphia, acalculia
Damange to Parietal Lobe
difficulty with spatial orientation, apraxia, somatosensory agonsia
Temporal Lobe
Auditory Cortex

Wernicke's Area - deficits in language comprehension

some areas mediate encoding, retrieval, and storage of long term memories
Occipital Love
Visual Cortex

simultanagnosia - inability to see more than one object at a time

prosopagnosia - inability to recognize familiar faces
Left Hemisphere Functions
written and spoken language
logical analytical thinking
Right Hemisphere
spatial relationships
creativity
factial recognition
ACh
in PNS, released into neuromuscular jxn and causes muscles to contract

in CNS, involved in REM sleep, regulation of sleep-wake cycle

Alzheimer's - degneneration of Ach cells

Types: (1) nicotinic (excitatory) and (2) muscarinic (inhibitory)
Catecholemines
NOR, DA, EP

low levesl of NOR and DA = dep

high levels of DA = schiz, tourette's

Parkinson's - degeneration of DA at substantia nigra

high DA in mesolimbic system = reinforcing effects of drugs
Serotonin
inhibitory

mood, hunger, thirst, sexual arousal, sleep, aggression, migraine headaches

elevations = schz, autism

low levels = dep, suicide, PTSD, OCD, aggression
Glu
excitatory

learning, memory, long-term potentiation

excessive activity = seizures, stroke-related brain damage, HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE, ALZ, and other neurodegenerative d/o
GABA
Inhibitory

sleep, eating, seizure, anxiety d/o

affected by benzos (tx anx)

degeneration of cells in basal ganglia contributes to HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE