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57 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Term: response
50% reduction in symptoms
Term: remission
all symptoms go away
Term: recovery
symptoms are absent for 6 to 12 months
Term: relapse
sympotms worsen before there is a complete remission or before the remission has turned into recovery
Term: recurrence
symptoms reappear after a few months of complete recovery
MDD recurrence rates
50% after one episode
70% after two episodes
90% after three episodes
MDD peak age of onset
20-40
Classes of Anti-depressants
1. tricyclics
2. MAO inhibitors
3. SSRI's
4. Atypical Anti-depressants
Name a tricyclic explain how it works
- Tofranil
- block several neurotransmitters
- lots of side effects
- cardiotoxic
Name a MAO Inhibitor and explain how it works
- Nardil
- lots of side effects
- High risk with certain types of foods
- believed to block two neurotransmitters
Name three SSRI's and explain how it works
- prozac, zoloft, paxil
- believed to block one NT - serotonin
- 30-60% of patients have withdrawl symptoms (gas, flu, sleep)
Name three atypical anti-depressants
- effexor
- cymbalta
- wellbutrin
Three characteristics of Benzodiazepines
1. sedative
2. anti-anxiety & anticonvulsant
3. effects NT GABA
First SSRI anti-depressant
Prozac
Anti-depressant used for children OCD
Zoloft
Prozac
SSRI, anti-depressant, first of it's kind, 1988
Zoloft
SSRI, anti-depressant, used for OCD children, currently most popular
Paxil
SSRI, anti-depressant, used for MDD, OCD, PTSD, PDD, PD, GAD, and SP.
Wellbutrin
no sexual side effects, does not effect seratonin, effects norepinephrine and dopeamine, same med used for smoking (Ziban)
Lexapro
SSRI, anti-depressant, treats MDD and GAD
Remeron
atypical anti-depressant
Effexor
SNRI, can work on three NT, high side effect and withdrawl symptoms,
Trazodone
tricyclic, anti-depressant, mostly used as add-on for sleep aid
Cymbalta
SNRI, anti-depressant
Lithobid
anti-manic, acute mania treatment
Tegretol
anti-manic, mood stablizer, enzime inducer
Neurontin
anti-convulsant, mimics GABA, minimal side-effects, migrane help
Depakote
anti-manic, treats manic episodes
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
delusions, hallucinations, bizarre behavior
negitive symptoms of schizophrenia
blunted affect, poverty of speech, social withdrawal
Lamictal
mood stablizer, not for mania, good for BD maintanince, severe skin reaction
Thorazine
1st anti-psychotic drug, sedative, treats hiccups and neusea
Zypreza
atypical anti-psychotic, treats schizo, weight gain
Haloperidol (Haldol)
old anti-psychotic, asso w/ Tardive Dyskenesa
Clozaril
atypical anti-psychotics, good with resistent patients, lowers white blook count, doesn't cause Tartive Dyskinesia
Risperdal
atypical anti-psychotic, treats autism, depo shot needed
Seroquel
atypical anti-psychotic, used in treatment resistant depression cases
Geodon
anti-psychotic, QT prolongation, not asso. w/ weight gain
Luvox
anti-anxiety, SSRI
Xanax
anti-anxiety, Benzo
Valium
anti-anxiety, benzo
Buspar
anti-anxiety, SSRI subtype
Klonopin
anti-anziety, benzo
Ativan
anti-anxiety, benzo, good for de-tox, short term memory loss, safter than other benzos
Anafranil
tricyclic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
alternative radical therapy, used for depression primarily
Electorconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Causes seizures, used for severe depression
Vagus Nerve Stimulator (VNS)
pace maker for the brain, used for epilepsy and refractory depression
Ambien
Sleep aid, non-benzo
Lunesta
Sleep aid, non-benzo, long term use
St. John's wort
herbal med for mildly depressed moods, sunburn warning
Omega 3
used for cardiovascular and mental health
Viagra
Erectile Dysfunction, take within 4 hours of activity
Cialis
Erectile Dysfunction, 36 hour half-life
Oxycodone
Pain med, designed for around-the-clock use
Cognex
Alzheimer's med, prevents reuptake of Acetylcholine
Aricept
Alzheimer's med, Acetylocholine inhibitor