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111 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AFFECT
The fluctuating outward signs of emotion, not the emotion itself.
RESTRICTED AFFECT
Slight reduction in range and intensity of emotional expression.
BLUNTED AFFECT
Marked reduction in the intensity of emotional expression.
FLAT AFFECT
Absence or near absence of affect.
INAPPROPRIATE AFFECT
Does not fit the situation.
LABILE AFFECT
Abnormal variability and &"swings"; in affect.
AGITATION
Motor activity associated with feelings of inner tension.
AGONIST MEDICATION
Produces effect on the CNS. All substances of abuse are agonist.
ANTAGONIST MEDICATION
No direct effect on CNS, and prevents some other substances from producing an effect.
AGONIST/ANTAGONIST MEDICATION
Has an effect on CNS and blocks effects of other substances (Methadone).
ALOGIA (manifested in two ways)
Impoverished thinking. A. Poverty of speech, B. Poverty of content.
AMNESIA (two types)
Anterograde: loss of memory of events AFTER onset. Retrograde: loss of memory of events BEFORE onset.
ANXIETY
An apprehensive anticipation of future danger. Can be focused (phobia) or free floating.
APHASIA
Problem in understanding or communicating because of DAMAGE to the brain.
APHONIA
Loss of voice due to DAMAGE of the larynx.
ATAXIA
Partial or complete loss of coordination of voluntary muscular movement. Only in attempted movement.
ATTENTION
Ability to focus.
AVOLITION
Inability to initiate or persist in goal-directed activities.
CATALEPSY
Waxy flexibility, rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period.
CATAPLEXY
"Swooning" collapsing often associated with intense emotions.
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR (9 types)
Marked motor abnormalities:
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--CATALEPSY
Waxy flexibility, rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period.
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--EXCESSIVE MOTOR ACTIVITY
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--EXTREME NEGATIVISM
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--MUTISM
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--POSTURING
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--STEREOTYPED MOVEMENTS
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--ECHOLALIA
Parrot like senseless repetition of a word just spoken by another.
CATATONIC BEHAVIOR--ECHOPRAXIA
Semiautomatic repetition of the movements of another.
CONVERSION SYMPTOM
A loss of voluntary motor or sensory functioning not fully explained by a biological condition.
DEFENSE MECHANISM
Unconscious methods of dealing with internal conflict.
DELUSION (12 types)
False beliefs that are well defined and fixed.
DELUSION--BIZARRE
Phenomenon outside the realm of possibility
DELUSION--DELUSIONAL JEALOUSY
That one's sexual partner is unfaithful
DELUSION--EROTOMANIC
That another person is in love with the individual
DELUSION--GRANDIOSE
Inflated appraisal of one's worth, power, etc.
DELUSION--MOOD-CONGRUENT
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical disorder themes
DELUSION--MOOD-INCONGRUENT
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is not consistent with the typical disorder themes
DELUSION--BEING CONTROLLED
That one's thoughts, actions, words, are under the control of an external force
DELUSION--REFERENCE
Casual incidents and external events have a particular and unusual meaning
DELUSION--PERSECUTORY
self or other is being attacked, persecuted or conspired against.
DELUSION--SOMATIC
Pertaining to the appearance of functioning of one's body
DELUSION--THOUGHT BROADCASTING
One's own thoughts are broadcast out loud
DELUSION--THOUGHT INSERTION
Thoughts are not one's own, but inserted into one's mind
DEPERSONALIZATION
Dissociation from oneself
DERAILMENT
Loose thought associations
DEREALIZATION
Perception that the external world is strange or unreal.
DISORIENTATION
Confusion about time, place, or person.
DEPERSONALIZATION
Dissociation from oneself.
DISSOCIATION
Disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception.
DISTRACTIBILITY
Attention shifts from one thing to another
DYSARTHRIA
Incorrect pronunciation because of problem controlling muscles related to speech.
DYSKINESIA
Involuntary movements accompanied by distortions in voluntary movements
DYSSOMNIA
Problems with amount, quality, or timing of sleep (Insomnia or Hyperinsomnia)
PARASOMNIA
Abnormal occurrences during sleep.
DYSTONIA
Disordered tonicity of muscles.
ECHOLALIA
Parrot like senseless repetition of a word just spoken by another.
ECHOPRAXIA
Semiautomatic repetition of the movements of another.
FLASHBACK
Recurrence of a memory etc. from the past.
FLIGHT OF IDEAS
Nearly continuous flow of speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic.
GENDER DYSPHORIA
Aversion toward physical or social characteristics connoting one's own sex.
GENDER IDENTITY
Inner conviction of being male or female
GRANDIOSITY
Inflated appraisal of one's worth, power, etc.
HALLUCINATION
A sensory perception of compelling reality without external stimulation.
HALLUCINATION -- AUDITORY
perception of sound or voices
HALLUCINATION -- GUSTATORY
Perception of taste
HALLUCINATION -- MOOD-CONGRUENT
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical disorder themes
HALLUCINATION -- MOOD-INCONGRUENT
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is not consistent with the typical disorder themes
HALLUCINATION -- OLFACTORY
perception of odor
HALLUCINATION -- SOMATIC
perception of physical experience within the body
HALLUCINATION -- TACTILE
perception of being touched or something under one's skin
HALLUCINATION -- VISUAL
perception of sight (forms and light)
HYPERACUSIS
Painful sensitivity to sounds
IDEAS OF REFERENCE
Casual incidents and external events have a particular and unusual meaning
ILLUSION
Misperception and misinterpretation of a real external stimulus
INCOHERENCE
Speech that is incomprehensible b/c lacking logical or meaningful connections
INSOMNIA
difficulty falling or staying asleep or poor sleep quality
THE THREE PHASES OS INSOMNIA
A. initial B. middle C. terminal
INTERSEX CONDITION
Intermingling the characteristics of each sex
MACROPSIA
perception that objects are larger than they actually are
MICROPSIA
perception that objects are smaller than they actually are
MAGICAL THINKING
belief that one's thoughts etc will cause or prevent a specific outcome that defies "physics"
MOOD
sustained emotion that colors the perception of the world
MOOD -- DYSPHORIC
unpleasant mood
MOOD -- ELEVATED
exaggerated feeling of well-being -- a high
MOOD -- EUTHYMIC
normal range, absence of depressed or elevated mood
MOOD -- EXPANSIVE
Lack of restraint in expressing feelings
MOOD -- IRRITABLE
Easily annoyed and provoked to anger
MOOD -- CONGRUENT PSYCHOTIC FEATURES
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical disorder themes
MOOD -- INCONGRUENT PSYCHOTIC FEATURES
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is not consistent with the typical disorder themes
NYSTAGMUS
Involuntary movements of the eyes with a particular pattern
OVERVALUED IDEA
Unreasonable and sustained belief but not as strong as delusion
PANIC ATTACKS
Discrete periods of sudden onset of intense apprehension -- feelings of impending doom
PARANOID IDEATION
Less severe than persecutory delusion
PERSONALITY
Enduring patterns of perceiving etc. about the environment and self
PHOBIA
Persistent irrational fear of a specific object etc. resulting in the compelling desire to avoid it
PRESSURED SPEECH
Speech that is plentiful, accelerated, and difficult to interrupt
PRODROME
Early sign or symptom of a disorder
PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION
Visible generalized slowing of movements and speech
PSYCHOTIC
Loss of ego boundaries or gross impairment in reality testing
RESIDUAL PHASE
Phase of illness that occurs after remission of the full syndrome
SEX
Biological status as male, female, or uncertain
SIGN
Objective, observable, manifestation of condition
STEREOTYPED MOVEMENTS
Repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior
STRESSOR, PSYCHOSOCIAL
Any life event of change associated with the onset of mental disorder
STUPOR
A state of unresponsiveness with immobility and mutism
SYMPTOM
Subjective, non-observable, reported manifestation of a condition
SYNDROME
Grouping of signs and symptoms to suggest a common underlying pattern
SYNTHESIA
When a sensory experience associated with one modality occurs when another modality is stimulated
TIC
Involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonryththmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization
TRANSSEXUALISM
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a desire for the physical characteristics and roles of the opposite sex