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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define the term "psychopathology"
sickness of the mind
Four D's of psychopathology
1. deviance
2. distress
3. dysfunction
4. danger
Six definitions of normality
1. effecient perception of reality
2. self-knowledge
3. voluntary control of behavior
4. self-esteem and acceptance
5. ability to form affectionate relationships
6. productivity
Three parts of the personality according to psychodynamic theory
1. id
2. ego
3. superego
Three Behavioral Theory developers
1. Watson
2. Thorndike
3. Skinner
Cognitive Therapy was developed by...
Beck
Cognitive theory specifies three levels of cognition, what are they?
1. Negative automatic thoughts
2. Underlying assumptions
3. Core beliefs
Three types of brain dysfunction
1. genetic - inherate disorders
2. biochemical - neuro connection dysfunction
3. neuranatomical - structural damage in brain
"Diathesis" in the Diathesis-Stress model refers to what?
genetic predisposition
"Stress" in the Diathesis-Stress model refers to what?
environmental experiences
Define "taxonomy"
the classification of entities in an ordered system that indicates natural relationships
Define "nosology"
The branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
Define "nomenclature"
labels that comprise the nosology
ICD-10 refers to what?
Internatinoal Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems.
DSM-IV-TR refers to what?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Axis I refers to what?
clinical disorders
Axis II refers to what?
personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis III refers to what?
General medical conditions
Axis IV refers to what?
Psychosocial and environmental problems
Axis V refers to what?
Global assessment of functioning
4 attachment styles
1. secure
2. insecure/avoidant
3. insecure/ambivalent
4. insecure/disoriented
2 Symptoms of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)
1. Inappropriate social relatedness in most contexts, beginning before age 5 years.
2. pathogenic care
3 Symptoms of Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
1. Developmentally inappropriate and excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from those to whom the individaul is attached.
2. The duration of the disturbance is at least 4 weeks.
3. The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, academic, or other important areas.
4 Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
1. Developmentally inappropriate degrees of inattention, overactivity, and impulsiveness
2. Cause social, academic, or vocational impairment
3. present for at least six months
4. onset before age 7 years
3 Types of ADHD
1. predominatley inattentive
2. predominately hyperactive-impulsive
3. combined
3 signs of inattentiveness
1. makes careless mistakes
2. trouble sustaining attention
3. does not seem to listen
3 signs of hyperactivity-impulsivity
1. fidgets
2. often has to get up from seat
3. Often runs or climbs inappropriately
Six primary medicines for ADHD
1. Strattera (non-stimulant)
2. Adderall
3. Ritalin
4. Concerta
5. Dexedrine
6. Cylert
Define Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
A pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior lasting at least 6 months, during which often loses temper, often argues with adults, often deliberately annoys people, etc.
Symptoms of Conduct Disorder (CD)
1. Agression to people or animals
2. distruction of property
3. deceitfulness or theft
4. serious violations of rules.