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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
define psychopathology
sickness of the mind
the 4 D's of psychopathology
1. deviance
2. distress
3. dysfunction
4. danger
deviance
behavior that is outside of the norm for proper conduct (statistical deviation or social norm deviation)
distress
behavior that causes significant emotional and/or psychological discomfort
dysfunction
behavior that interferes with daily functioning
danger
behavior that threatens self and/or others
normality
1. efficient perception of reality
2. self knowledge
3. voluntary control of behvior
4. self esteem and acceptance
5. ability to form/maintain affectionate relationships
6. productivity
id
seeks immediate gratification and operates on the pleasure principle
superego
operates on moral principle and violating its rules results in guilt
ego
operates on reality principle, making compromises between the id and superego
AXIS I
-focus of clinical attention
-all diagnosis reported with most important 1st
-usually principal diagnosis or reason for visit
-V codes included here
-v71.09 = no diagnosis on AXIS
AXIS II
-personality disorder and MR
-listed seperately so not overlooked
-traits/features
AXIS III
-current medical condition
-"by history" if client reports
AXIS IV
-psychological and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders
AXIS V
-clinician's judgment
-global assessment of functioning (GAF)
Separation anxiety disorder
1. three out of 8 (distress when separation from home, worry about losing major attachment, and refusal to go to school for fear of separation)
2. at least 4 weeks
3. impares everyday life
ADHD
1. before age 7, for at least 6 months
2. 3 types (predominately inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive, combined)
Inattentive symptoms
careless mistakes, trouble sustaining attention, doesn't seem to listen, unorganized, loses things for school, forgetful
Hyperactivity-Impulsivity Symptoms
fidgets, often gets up from seat, climbs inappropriately, always on the go, blurts out comments, difficulty waiting turn, interrupts
Meds for ADHD
strattera, adderall, ritalin, concerta, dexedrine, cylert
Oppositional defiant disorder
often loses temper, argues with adults, defies rules, annoys peopole, lasts at least 6 months
conduct disorder
3 in the last 6 months: aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, serious violation of rules (before age 13)