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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a relativly permanent change in an organism's behavior do to experience
associative learning
learning that certain even occur together. the events may be two stimuli (classical) or a response and its consequences (operant)
classical conditioning
an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditional stimulus
unconditioned response (UCR)
the unlearned, naturally occuring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
conditioned response (CR)
previously neutral conditioned stimulus (CS)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
an origionally occuring irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) comes to trigger a conditioned response (CR)
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
what the primary goal is
the diminishing of a conditioned response. Response leaves when association leaves
spontaneous recovery
the reappearance after a rest period, of an extinguished conditional response
stimulus generalization
generalize that association
stimulus discrimination
recognizing that not everything is one generalization
operant conditioning
responses are controlled by its consequence
reinforcers guide behavior toward closer approximations of a desired goal
parietal reinforcement
doing something because someone or something else is telling you or reward
intrinsic motivation
doing something because you want to, like it
extrinsic motivation
doing something because you are told to or you are getting a reward
the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
flashbulb memory
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
the process of informantion into the memory system, for example by extracting meaning
the retention of encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage
sensory memory
the immediate, initial recording of sensory information in the memory system
short-term memory
active memory that holds a few items briefly before the information is stored or forgotten working memory is similar because it focuses more on the processing of briefly stored information
long-term memory
the relativly permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system
memory aids especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices
organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automantically. Magic 7
the loss of memory. antrograde-forget what happens after event
retrograde- forget what happens before event
a neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage
implicit memory
retention independant of concious recollection. also called proceedural memory
explicit memory
memory of facts and experiences that one can conciously know and 'declare' also called declarative memory
a measure of memory in ehich the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test
a measure of memory in which a person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test
source amnesia
attributing to the wrong source an event that we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined.