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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score.
factor analysis
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.
general intelligence (g)
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
savant syndrome
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
emotional intelligence
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores.
intelligence test
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Thus, a child who does as well as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8
mental age
the widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet's original intelligence test.
defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (thus, IQ-ma/ca x 100). On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100.
intelligence quotient (IQ)
a test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn
aptitude test
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
achievement test
most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group
the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes teh distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewed and fewer scores lie near the extremes.
normal curve