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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence.
Alzheimer’s disease
a progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning language, and, finally, physical functioning.
an emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation.
Basic trust
according to Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers.
Concrete Operational Stage
in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events.
the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects.
Crystallized intelligence
one’s accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age.
Developmental Psychology
studies physical, cognitive, and social/emotional change throughout the life span.
in Piaget’s theory, the inability of the preoperational child to take another’s point of view.
Fluid intelligence
one’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood.
Formal Operational Stage
in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts.
one’s sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent’s task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles.
in Erikson’s theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood.
the time of natural cessation of menstruation; also refers to the biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines.
Object Permanence
the awareness that things continue to exit even when not perceived.
Preoperational Stage
in Piaget’s theory the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
Sensorimotor Stage
in Piaget’s theory, the stage during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
Stranger anxiety
the fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age.