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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes.
Evolutionary Psychology
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.
Gender Identity
one’s sense of being male or female.
Gender Role
a set of expected behaviors for males and for females.
Gender Schema Theory
the theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly.
Gender
in psychology, the characteristics, whether biologically or socially influenced, by which people define male and female.
Genes
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein.
Natural Selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Social Learning Theory
the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished.
Temperament
a person’s characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
Culture
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
Norm
an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe "proper" behavior.
Behavior Genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.