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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
classical conditioning
associations between stimuli closely presented in time
operant conditioning
associations between behaviors and consequences
produces a response
a reaction to a stimulus
an involuntary response to a stimulus
unconditioned stimulus
stimulus that results in a reflex without experience
unconditioned response
reflex occurs without experience
conditioned stimulus
a once neutral stimulus that results in a reflexive response only AFTER experience
conditioned response
reflexive response AFTER experience
neutral stimulus always the same as..
conditioned stimulus
conditioned response always the same as..
unconditioned response
a learned response to a specific stimulus is also elicited by a similar stimuli
a learned response to a specific stimulus is only elicited by that specific stimulus
simplest form of learning, decreased responsiveness as a result of repeated exposure
increased responsiveness following presentation of a single strong stimulus
increases the likelihood that a response will occur
positive reinforcement
adding a stimulus
negative reinforcement
subtracting a stimulus
as behavior gets progressively closer to the target, reinforcement is available
types of stress
frustration, change, pressure, conflict
stress responses
emotional, physiological, behavioral-- not all 3 are necessary for stress to occur, but if all 3 are present you have stress!
emotional responses
anger, sadness, fear, grief, excitement
sympathetic arousal
related to short term stress exposure
HPA axis
leads to secretion of cortisol, prolonged stress exposure elevates cortisol, results in supressed immune system
reactive behavioral response
indulgence, aggression
proactive behavioral response
constructive-- planning, exercise, relaxation, reinforcement schedules
negative consequences of stress
obesity, heart disease, drug/alcohol abuse, voodoo death
positive consequences of stress
voodoo death
when a healthy person dies bc he or she believes it will happen
conditioned immunosuppression
function of immune system- ader's experiment- rat's, t cells
psychosomatic conditions
when thoughts & emotions adversely effect the body
placebo effect
improvements not attributable to treatment (positive expectations)
nocebo effect
detrimental effects not attributable to treatment (negative expectations)