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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
The view that knowledge comes from experiences via the senses and that science flourishes through observation and experiment.
An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind.
A school of psychology that focuses of how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Perspective that emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth.
Humanistic psychology
Debate over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of our traits and behaviors.
Nature-nurture issue
Principle that among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed down to the next generation.
Natural selection
The differing views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
Levels of analysis
Perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.
Biopsychosocial approach
Science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
Basic Research
Study that aims to solve practical problems.
Applied Research
Assists people with problems in living and in achieving greater well-being.
Counseling psychology
Studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
Clinical psychology
A branch of medicine dealing with psychology disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as will as psychological therapy.