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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Amicus Curiae
"Friend of the court"; somone not a party to the action who files a brief to argue a particular point relevant to teh case. (Not the defendant or plaintiff)
Case Law
A law made by ruling by judges in individual cases.
Crime Control Model
A point of view that emphasizes procedures that detect suspects and prosecute defendants.
Critical Legal Studies
A philosophical approach to the study of law that proposes that the law is an intrument used by the powerful in society to maintain their control.
Determinate Sentencing
The provision of strict limits for the sentences that judges can give for particular crimes.
Dialectic Analysis
A scholarly dialogue that focuses on tension or opposition between interacting ideas.
The application of judgement to temper a response after having weighed the circumstances.
Double Jeopardy
A second prosecution for the same offense, prohibited by the Fifth Amendment.
Due Process Model
A view that proposes the goal of the criminal justice system is to protect innocent suspects from prosecution and conviction.
The goal of treating people in the legal system the same, regardless of their eminence, income, or power.
Ex Post Facto
Something that is done or formulated after the fact.
Feminist Jurisprudence
An appraoch to the study of law that is an alternative to portraying the law as an expression of masculine values.
Forensic Psychologists
The application of the methods, theories, and concepts of pasychology to the legal system. Forensic psychologist may serve as expert witnesses, carry out competence evaluations, and otherwise assist litigators and fact finders.
Jury Nullification
An option for teh jury that allows it to disregard both the law and the evidence and aquit the defendant if the jury believes that an acquittal is justified.
Law and Economics
A point of view in legal philosophy that analyzes legal procedures and doctrine from the framework of economics.
Notification Law
A law that notifies citizens that a sex offender has been releasesd in their area.
Principle of Proportionality
A legal principle that the severity of punishment should be consistent with the seriousness of the offense.
Sentencing Disparity
The tendency of different judges to administer a variety of penalties for the same crime.
Settlement Negotiation
In civil cases, the pretrial process whereby plaintiffs and defendants agree to an outcome that ends their legal disagreement.
Sexual Predator Laws
Laws that allow the government to sentence certain sex offenders to psychiatric hospitals after they have served their prison sentences.
Sociolegal Studies
A multidisciplinary framework for the study of law.
Stare Decisis
To stand on teh decisions of the past. A principle that holds that courts and judges should follow prior decisions and judicial rulings in the interest of predictability, fairness, and certainty.
Therapeutic Jurisprudence
A position that one aspect of the study of the law should be a considerationof the mental health impact of the legal system upon its participants and clients.
"Three-strikes" Law Trial Consultants
A law that mandates severe penalties for those who are multiple offenders.