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130 Cards in this Set

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An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
Drive
A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
homeostasis
External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
Arousal escalates rapidly
excitment
An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
Drive
This is the second stage of sexual response where arousal continues to build much slower
plateau
A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refractory period
A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
homeostasis
Refers to what each sex has to invest in terms of time, energy, survival risk. etc
Parental investment
External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
Natural selection is fueled by variations in reproductive success
Evolutionary theory
Arousal escalates rapidly
excitment
Refers to transitions in youngsters patterns of thinking, including reasoning, problem solving
Cognitive development
This is the second stage of sexual response where arousal continues to build much slower
plateau
Comfortable when mother around and get upset when she leaves
secure attachment
A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refractory period
appear anxious even when mothers are near and protest when she leaves but not comforted when she returns
anxious-ambivalent
Refers to what each sex has to invest in terms of time, energy, survival risk. etc
Parental investment
children seek little contact with their mothers and oftern are not distressed when she leaves
avoidant attachment
Natural selection is fueled by variations in reproductive success
Evolutionary theory
When a child incorrectly uses a word to describe a narrower set of objects or actions that it is meant to
underextensions
Refers to transitions in youngsters patterns of thinking, including reasoning, problem solving
Cognitive development
When a child incorrectly uses a word to descrbie a wider set of objects or actions than it is meant to
Overextension
Comfortable when mother around and get upset when she leaves
secure attachment
The primitive, instincitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
id
appear anxious even when mothers are near and protest when she leaves but not comforted when she returns
anxious-ambivalent
children seek little contact with their mothers and oftern are not distressed when she leaves
avoidant attachment
When a child incorrectly uses a word to describe a narrower set of objects or actions that it is meant to
underextensions
When a child incorrectly uses a word to descrbie a wider set of objects or actions than it is meant to
Overextension
The primitive, instincitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
id
An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
Drive
A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
homeostasis
External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
Arousal escalates rapidly
excitment
This is the second stage of sexual response where arousal continues to build much slower
plateau
A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refractory period
Refers to what each sex has to invest in terms of time, energy, survival risk. etc
Parental investment
Natural selection is fueled by variations in reproductive success
Evolutionary theory
Refers to transitions in youngsters patterns of thinking, including reasoning, problem solving
Cognitive development
Comfortable when mother around and get upset when she leaves
secure attachment
appear anxious even when mothers are near and protest when she leaves but not comforted when she returns
anxious-ambivalent
children seek little contact with their mothers and oftern are not distressed when she leaves
avoidant attachment
When a child incorrectly uses a word to describe a narrower set of objects or actions that it is meant to
underextensions
When a child incorrectly uses a word to descrbie a wider set of objects or actions than it is meant to
Overextension
The primitive, instincitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
id
An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
Drive
A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
homeostasis
External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
Arousal escalates rapidly
excitment
This is the second stage of sexual response where arousal continues to build much slower
plateau
A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refractory period
Refers to what each sex has to invest in terms of time, energy, survival risk. etc
Parental investment
Natural selection is fueled by variations in reproductive success
Evolutionary theory
Refers to transitions in youngsters patterns of thinking, including reasoning, problem solving
Cognitive development
Comfortable when mother around and get upset when she leaves
secure attachment
appear anxious even when mothers are near and protest when she leaves but not comforted when she returns
anxious-ambivalent
children seek little contact with their mothers and oftern are not distressed when she leaves
avoidant attachment
When a child incorrectly uses a word to describe a narrower set of objects or actions that it is meant to
underextensions
When a child incorrectly uses a word to descrbie a wider set of objects or actions than it is meant to
Overextension
The primitive, instincitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
id
An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension
Drive
A state of physiological equilibrium or stability
homeostasis
External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
Arousal escalates rapidly
excitment
This is the second stage of sexual response where arousal continues to build much slower
plateau
A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refractory period
Refers to what each sex has to invest in terms of time, energy, survival risk. etc
Parental investment
Natural selection is fueled by variations in reproductive success
Evolutionary theory
Refers to transitions in youngsters patterns of thinking, including reasoning, problem solving
Cognitive development
Comfortable when mother around and get upset when she leaves
secure attachment
appear anxious even when mothers are near and protest when she leaves but not comforted when she returns
anxious-ambivalent
children seek little contact with their mothers and oftern are not distressed when she leaves
avoidant attachment
When a child incorrectly uses a word to describe a narrower set of objects or actions that it is meant to
underextensions
When a child incorrectly uses a word to descrbie a wider set of objects or actions than it is meant to
Overextension
The primitive, instincitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
id
The decision making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle
Ego
The moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong
Superego
The need to fulfill ones potential
Self-actualization
Set of personality traits, differences among people reacting to the same situation
distinctiveness
Stability in a persons behavior over time and across situations
Consistency
Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease
Medical model
involves distinguishing one illness from another
Diagnosis
Refers to the apparent causation and development history of an illness
etiology
Is a forecast about the probable course of an illness
Prognosis
Which form for abnormal behavior is behavior that deviates from what their society considers acceptable
deviance
Which form for abnormal behavior is everyday behavior is impaired
Maladaptive
What form for abnormal behavior is based on an individuals report of great personal distress
Personal distress
What are the 3 criteria for abnormal behavior?
deviance, maldaptive behavior, and personal distress
Persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure
Basic symptoms/features of depression
This type of schizophrenia is dominated by delusions of persecution along with delusions of grandeur
paranoid type
This type of schizophrenia has striking motor disturbances, ranging from muscular rigidity to random motor activity
Catatonic type
this type of schizophrenia is severe deterioration of adaptive behavior is seen
disorganized type
This type of schizophrenia is marked by idiosyncratic mixtures of schizophrenic symptoms
undifferentiated type
Persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwated thoughts
Obsession
urges to engage in senseless rituals
compulsion
involves the coexistence in one person of two or more largely complete, usually very different personalities
Dissociative identity disorder
Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
Psychiatrists
What component to emotion is subjective to conscious experience?
Cognitive
What component to emotion is bodily arousal, polygraph
Physiological
What component to emotion is based on overt expressions
Behavioral
What are the three components to emotion?
cognitive, physiological, behavioral
who is a famous insight therapist?
Carl Rogers
Restructure self concept to better correspond to reality
Insight therapy
What therapy is refered to as the talk therapy
insight therapy
Who is a famous behavioral therapist?
B.F. Skinner
What type of therapy is unlearning maladaptive behavior and learning adaptive ones?
Behavioral therapy
Insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses
Psychoanalysis
What type of therapy uses techniques such as free association and transference?
psychoanalysis
Refers to largely unconscious defensive maneuvers intended to hinder the progress of therapy
Resistance (psychoanalysis)
Occurs when clients start relating to their therapits in a way that mimic critical relationships in their lives
Transference (psychoanalysis)
Behavior therapy used to reduce clients phobic responses
Systematic desensitization
Joseph Wolpe is known for using what?
systematic desensitization
Which drugs are best for treating schizophrenia?
Antipsychotic drugs
Which drugs are best for treating bipolar disorder?
Lithium
When an actor and an observer draw inferences about the cause of the actors behavior, they often make different attributions
Actor observer bias
The tendency to attribute ones successes to personal facotrs and ones failures to situational factors
self-serving bias
When people yeild to real or imagine social pleasure
Conformity
Solom Asch with classic experiment group size and group unanimity illustrated what?
conformity
form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority
obedience
Stanley Milgram controversial landmark experiment shock illustrated what?
Obedience
Occurs when members of a cohesive group emphasize concurrence at the expense of critical thinking in arriving at a decision.
Group think
A reduced sense of responsibility
Diffusion of responsibility
Is a reduction in effort by individuals when they work in groups as compared to when they work by themselves
social loafing
The person who sends a communication
source
The person whom teh message is sent
receiver
The information transmitted by the source
message
The medium through which the message is sent
Channel
Exists when related attitudes or beliefs are inconsisitent that is when they contradict each other
Cognitive dissonance
Festinger and Carlsmith experiment demonstrated what?
cognitive dissonance
assumes taht inconsistency among attitudes propels people in the direction of attitude change
Dissonanace theory