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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A memory aid
Acetylcholine does this
helps with memory
B vitamins does this
helps with memory
Estrogen does this
helps with memory
this is the first kind of memory that occurs and only lasts for seconds
sensory memory
This is the first part of memory storage, lasts for 7-30sec
working memory
This requires effortful processing: repetition and rehearsal
long-term memory
This involves memories of facts
Explicit memory
These kinds of memories are received by higher brain - cerebral cortex
Explicit memory
These are memories of skills
Implicit memory
These are received in the lower brain centers
Implicit memory
These are automatic and require no conscious thought
Implicit memory
Act of learning changes brain's
neural pathways
When learning occurs the brain
becomes more efficient
Cerebral amnesia occurs because
the hippocampus has not yet developed
Experience changes ______
Occurs when memories change events
This occurs when you can remember first items and last items better than middle items
recency effect
Building memory requires
The capacity for goal directed behavior
Humor is a sign of
Best predictor of intelligence is ____
educational level of the parent
The country's IQ has risen in the last 50 years is an example of
Flynn effect
Used to be these kinds of intelligence
This person proposed the theory that there are 3 different kinds of intelligence
The new theory of intelligence involves these types
The person who proposed the theory that there are 7-8 kinds of intelligence
IQ is expressed as
Mental age
________________ x 100
chronological age
This is shown by repetition
When test measures what it is supposed to this shows
Achievement is
Problem solving involves
1) ID problem
2) pick a solution
Logical methodical problem solving
rule of thumb
ignore everything but what you believe
belief perserverence
Judging the probability of membership in a category by how well an object resembles that category
representative heuristic
The more available an event is in our memory, the more probable it is
availability heuristic
The tendency to seek evidence that confirms one's beliefs
confirmation bias
Initial estimate is used and then it is adjusted up or down
anchroing and adjustment heuristic
the inability to create a new interpretation of the problem
the processing of information to solve problems and make judgment and decisions
This psychologist found that we think differently at different ages
Factual knowledge
semantic memory
Personal experiences
Episodic memory
Motor and cognitive skills involving procedures
Procedural memory
Automatic conditions responses
Conditioning memory
Memory that requires conscious recall

Explicit (declarative) memory

episodic, semantic
Memory that does not rquires conscious recall

Implicit (nondeclarative) memory

Procedural, Conditioning
the average number of items an individual can remember across a series of trials
memory span
a meaningful unit in a person's memory
the superior recall of the early portion of a list relative to the middle of the list in a one-trial free recall task
primacy effect
the superior recall of the latter portion of a list relative to the middle of the list in a one-trial free recall task
recency effect
the process of moving information from one memory stage to the next
the process of maintaining information in a memory stage
the process of bringing information stored in longterm memory into shortterm memory
memory processing that occurs subconsciously and does not require attention
automatic processing
memory processing that occurs consciously and requires attention
effortful processing
shortterm memory information is related to information from longterm memory to encode it into longterm memory
elaborative rehearsal
the superior long-term memory for information related to oneself at time of encoding into long-term memory
self-reference effect
long-term memory retrieval is best when a person's psychological state at the time of encoding and retrieval of the information is the same
state-dependent memory
long-term memory retrieval is best when a person's mood state at the time of encoding and retrieval of the information is the same
mood-dependent memory
a mnemonic in which the items in a list to be remembered are associated with the sequential items in a memorized jingle and the list is retrieved by going through the jingle and retrieving the assoicated items
peg-word system
superior long-term memory for spaced study versus massed study
spacing (distributed study) effect
a measure of long-term memory retrieval that requires the reproduction of the information with essentially no retrieval cues
a measure of long-term memory retrieval that only requires the identification of the information in the presense of retrieval cues
the savings method of measuring long-term memory retrieval in which the measure is the amount of time saved when learning information for the second time
a theory of forgetting that proposes that forgetting is due to the decay of the biological representation of the information and that periodic usage of the information will help to maintain it in storage
storage decay theory
frameworks for our knowledge about people, objects, events and actions that allow us t o organize and interpret information about our world
attributing a memory to a wrong source, resulting in a false memory
source misattribution
an inaccurate memory that feels as real as an accurate memory
false memory
the distortion of a memory by exposure to misleading information
misinformation effect