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30 Cards in this Set

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the awareness of the inside and outside of the body; a psychological construct (cannot see or measure directly); emotions - feeling differently about something than someone else does
consciousness
aware of things around you; smelling cooking food makes you hungrier because you are conscious of the smell
sensory awareness
how you interpret a memory or past experience; you can remember how something tastes, smells, etc. even though you can’t taste or smell it at that moment
direct inner awareness
how a person might see in third person point of view; Elmo
sense of self
you aren’t aware or thinking of something but you could supply the information needed if prompted
preconscious
Freud’s belief; a lot of things are hidden or blocked out; you recall a few events, but not everything because the mind has hidden it to avoid reliving a traumatic experience
unconscious / subconscious
deals with biological functions; no one knows the day that they grew; you can’t feel your hair or fingernails growing; you aren’t conscious of your breathing or of your pupils dilating
nonconscious
should get an average of 9-10 hours of sleep a night
teenagers
should get an average of 16 hours of sleep a night
newborns
should average 8 hours of sleep a night
20 years - 60 years
stayed awake from March 14 to April 2
Robert McDonald
a 17 year old student from San Diego with sandy colored hair; after the fourth day of staying awake, he was very irritable; on the ninth day he believed that he was a black football hero; on the eleventh day he went to sleep and slept for fifteen hours; he was back to normal proving that you don’t catch up on sleep
Randy Gardener
was a New York DJ who tried to stay awake in Times Square for charity; sat in a glass booth for most of the day; after about four days, he hallucinated and wouldn’t eat; stayed awake for eight or nine days, slept for 13 hours and was back to normal
Peter Tripp
60+ hours without sleep; concentration down; blank staring; difficulty paying attention; increased sensitivity to pain
sleep deprivation
you are actually awake but you have sleep waves
microsleep
a machine that measures things we need during sleep
polysomnograph
measures brain activity; is attached to head
EEG
measures eye movement; attached to temple
EOG
measures muscle movement; attached to chin
EMG
a jerky, twisty type of movement in your sleep
hypnic jerk
muscle spasms in the legs; likely to cause insomnia
myoclonus
beta waves
awake
not a stage of sleep; you close your eyes and your thoughts are wandering; dozing; alpha
relaxed wakefulness
waves are present; noises will wake you up; light sleep; 5% of sleep
stage 1 sleep
sleep spindles; eyes open but can’t see; harder to wake up; 50% of sleep
stage 2 sleep
5% of sleep; delta waves first appear (high arcing); 20-40 minutes
stage 3 sleep
15%; deep sleep; pure delta waves; sleep walk/talk in first 1/3; about one hour
stage 4 sleep
25% of sleep; takes about 90 minutes to reach it; 4 to 6 occurrences per night; as the night goes on, the periods of sleep lengthen in time; if you’re stressed during the day it increases; newborns have more ___ sleep (50% of the night) and elderly have less; body doesn’t move; blind people go through the same stages as everyone else but their eyes don’t move; they have auditory dreams instead of visual ones
REM sleep
sleep more than one time a day; nap; sleep more
polyphasic
sleep once per day
monophasic