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21 Cards in this Set

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His (Descartes) courage, however, sustained by his astounding philosophical wits, went on breaking the walls of what had been considered as the most prominent philosophy which was _____________.
scholasticism
The scholastics maintained their dictum that nothing is known unless the object of knowledge passes through the senses. In contrast, Descartes contended that the prevalent view is practically a ________.
delusion
Descartes constructed ____-_____________ as the irrefutable point of origin for every certitude.
Descartes introduced the ___________-__________ view of nature, including human nature, in philosophy.
mathematico-mechanical
According to Descartes, a finite substance is entirely __________, although it is dependent on God.
autonomous
Descartes calls thinking substance (soul) ___ ________ and extended substance (body) ___ _______.
Res Cogitans; Res Extensa
Life and motion are brought about not by the soul, but by the vital motion that comes from within man which the thinker calls...
“Spiritus Animales” or Animal Spirits.
______ views of human nature lie in his ideas of labor and society.
Marx's
Marx believes that the mode of the means of the production of man's subsistence is the molder of his _____________.
consciousness
Marx does not adhere to the idea that is is man who forms society, instead,...
...it is the other way around.
According to Marx, without _____, nature per se has no meaning and value.
labor
Marx posits that the dialectic has three moments, to wit:...
thesis, antithesis, and synthesis.
Dialectical materialism, therefore, necessitates mans's ______ _____________ in the actual change of matter.
active participation
According to Marx, there are five epochs representing a definite kind of society. They are...
primitive, ancient, feudalistic, capitalistic, and socialistic
...primitive society is a crude form of _________.
communism
Marx says that in a _________ society, the ownership of private property is not practiced.
primitive
For Marx, it is the members of _______ society that practiced private property first.
ancient
In a ___________ society, the means of production centers on agriculture.
feudalistic
In a ____________ society, the means of production becomes industrialized because of the advent of science and technology.
capitalistic
In a capitalistic society, Marx says that the laborer is _________ from the social dimension of his produce.
alienated
Mars says that religion is an _____ of the people.
opium