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30 Cards in this Set

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An internal capacity or ability that accounts for individual differences in mental test performance and allows us to adept to ever-changing environments.
Intelligence
The use of psychological tests to measure the mind and mental processes.
Psychometrics
A statistical procedure that groups together related items on tests by analyzing the correlations among test scores.
Factor analysis
According to Spearman, a general factor, derived from factor analysis, that underlies or contributes to performance on a variety of mental tests.
G
According to Spearman, a specific factor, derived from factor analysis, that is unique to a particular kind of test.
S
The natural ability to solve problems, reason, and remember; this is thought to be relatively uninfluenced by experience.
Fluid Intelligence
The knowledge and abilities acquired as a result of experience (as from schooling and cultural influences.)
Crystal Intelligence
Robert Sternberg’s theory of intelligence, it proposes three types of intelligence: analytic, creative and practical.
Triarchic Theory
An intelligence that measures reasoning and logical-mathematical ability.
Analytic Intelligence
An intelligent measure that expresses how well people are able to cope with new or novel tasks
Creative Intelligence
An intelligence measure of how well people fit into their environments.
Practical Intelligence
Psychological tests that measure your current level of knowledge or competence in a particular subject.
Achievement Tests
Psychological tests that measure your ability to learn or acquire knowledge in a particular subject.
Aptitude Tests
A measure of the consistency of test results; these type of tests produce similar scores or indices from one administration to the next.
Reliability
An assessment of how well a test measures what it supposed to measure.
Validity
Assesses the degree to which the test samples broadly across the domain of interest.
Content Validity
Assesses how well the test predicts some future criterion.
Predictive Validity
Assesses how well the test taps into a particular theoretical construct.
Construct Validity
Keeping the testing, scoring and interpretation procedures similar across all administrations of a test.
Standardization
Mental age divided by chronological age and then multiplied by 100.
Intelligence Quotient
The chronological age that best fits a child’s level of performance on a test of mental ability.
Mental Age
An intelligence score that is derived from determining where your performance sits in an age-based distribution of test scores.
Deviation IQ
A label that is generally assigned to someone who scores below 70 on standard IQ tests.
Mental Retardation
A label that is generally assigned to someone who scores above 130 on a standard IQ test.
Gifted
The ability to generate ideas that original, novel and useful.
Creativity
The ability to perceive, understand, and express emotion in ways that are useful and adaptive.
Emotional Intelligence
Unspoken practical knowledge about how to perform well on the job.
Tacit Knowledge
Use the same people over a long period of time to determine the effects of aging on intelligence.
Longitudal Studies
Occurrence in which people have done better on IQ tests year after year, generation after generation. So the people in the 30s scored worse on IQ tests than those in the 40s, and so on.
The Flynn Effect
A mathematical index that represents the extent to which IQ differences in a particular population can be accounted for by genetic factors.
Hereditability