Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/51

Click to flip

51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Psychology
the scientific behaviors of mind and behavior
Mind
Our private inner expression of perceptions,thoughts, memories, and feelings
Behavior
Observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals
Conceptual foundation of psychology
philosophy of the mind, epistomology , ethics
Nativisim:Plato
Innate inborn knowledge hardwired
Philosophical Empiricism: Aristotle
Knowledge through experience

blank slate tabula rasa
Nature vs Nuture
GREEK
Aristotle and Plato
Cartesian Theatre
Descartes(1595-1650)
Radical doubt - I think therefor I am

Framework for thinking about the mind and body
Dualism
Descartes-
soul and bosy different in form and matter.

Objective scientific knowable, mechanical material world

Subjective world of human consciousness - introspection
Phrenology
Franz Joseph Gall

- localization of function
- linking the brain and the mind through size
-anecdotal evidence
Emerging Brain Science:
Pierre Flourens
Founder of experimental brain science surgical removed of brain parts in animals, Link brain parts with certain behaviors classification of the nervous system.
Emerging Brain Science:
Paul Broca
Suggested the mind is grounded in the material process of the brain
Nativism
the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are inborn or innate
Philosophical Empiricism
view that knowledge is acquired through experience
Decartes
Mind and body are fundamentally different
person
Physiology
the study of biological processes especially in humans
Herman Helmholtz
Championed Reaction Time for certain stimuli
Stimulus
sensory input from the environment
Reaction TIme
the duration taken to respond to a specific stimulus
Wilhelm Wundt (Hermholtz research assistant)
credited with establishing Psychology as a discipline

-Focused on analyzing the consciousness

Father of structuralism 0 the analysis of basic elements that constitute the mind
Consciousness
a persons subjective experience of the world and the mind
structuralism
the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind
introspection
the subjective observation of one's own experience.
Edward Titchener
championed structiralism trained many rigourously-overtrained
Sought explaination in physiology
person
William James
Father of Functionalism -
Book-Principles of Psychology (1890)
Pyschology as natural Science

Made Functionalism Leading View in the US
person
Functionalism
the study of the purposes mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment
Natural Selection
Favorable traits survive
Illusions
errors in perception, memory, or judgement in which subjective experience differs from objective reality
Gestalt Psychology
-Max Wertheimer
psychological approach that emphasize\s that we often see the whole rather than the sum of the parts

OPPOSITE OF Structuralism
Kholer
Insight leardning in animals
Sigmund Freud
Founder Psychoanalytic theory
-dark view - base instincst drive behaviors
Person
Hysteria
the temporary loss of congintion of motor functions usually as the result of emotionally upsetting experiences
Unconscious
the part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness of but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions
psychoanalytic theory
Freud approach to understanding human behavior that emphasizes the importance of the unconscious mind in shapinfg feeling behaviors and thoughts
psychoanalysis
a therapeutic approach that focuses on bringing the unconscious min material into conscious awareness
Carl Rogers
Humanistic psychology pioneer
- person centered approach
Person
Abrahan Maslow
Humanistic psychology pioneer
- hierarchy of need
basic needs to self actualization
Humanistic Psychology
an approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings
approach
Behaviorism
an approach that advocates that psychologist restrict themselves to the scientific stufy of objectively observable behavior
approach
John b Watsoj
Focus on Behavior not Conscious
-rejected introspection

-Littel Albert Pavlov inspired
Margaret Washburn
first woman to receive a phd in psychology
-Book- Animal Mind
B.F. Skinner
Reinforcemnt
Skinner Box
Conditioning Chamber
-Book - The behaviors of organisms
Emergence of Conginitive Psychology
WW11 - training for radar inspection performance etc. Pragmaticism
Cognitive Psychology
the scientific study of mental processes, including perception, thought, memory, and reasoning
Donald Broadbent
liMits on attention - bottle necl
person
Georgia Miller
limits on the short term memory
Magical number 7 +/- 1
person
Behavioral NeuroScience
an approcah to pyschology that links psychological processes to activities in the nervous system and other bodily processes
approach
Cognitive Neuroscience
a field that attempts to understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity
Evolutionary Psychology
Mind and behavior explained in terms of adaptive abilities that are preserved overtime through natural selection.
Social Pyschology
A subfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behaviors
cultural psychology
the study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members