Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gathering of laboratory and real world data precisely
events not necessarily causally relative
Counseling Psychologist
psychologist who works with people who have behavior problems; career planning; marriage and family problems; and parenting
information revealed following an experiment
psychologist who focuses on how learning proceeds in the classroom, how intelligence affects performance, and the relationship between personality and learning
description and analysis of what one is thinking and feeling or just thought about
psychologist who focuses on how to use machines most efficiently
psychologist who focuses on legal issues and often evaluate whether an inmate is ready for parole, or whether a specific rehabilitation program is achieving its goals
psychologist who focuses on the way life-style changes can facilitate health improvement
educated guess
psychologists concerned with the way employers evealuate employees; they focus on personnel selection, employee motication, work behavior, and work appraisals
evaluating research without preconceived ideas
previously known as the subject of an experiment; one whose behavior is observed for data collection
science of behavior and mental processes
repeating an experiment to verify results
group that is assumed to represent the population
emerging field that focuses on brain-behavior interactions
collection of interrelated ideas
a condition or characteristic of a situation or person
Applied Psychologists
conduct research and then use their findings to solve practical problems
Experiment Psychologist
try to identify and understand the basic elements of behavior andmental processes; an approach not a specific field; does not define the topics they examine
Independent Variable
variable in a controlled experiment that the experimenter directly and purposely manipulates to see how the other variables under study will be affected
Dependent Variable
The variable in a controlled experiment that is expected to change because of the manipulation of the independent variable
Operational Definition
definition of a variable in terms of the set of methods or procedures used to measure or study that variable
a face to face meeting in which a series of standardized questions are used to gather detailed information
Thinking Critically
consists of evaluating evidence, sifting through choices, assessing outcomes, and deciding whether conclusions make sense; being open minded but evaluative
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
the unwitting creation by a researcher of a situation that unintentionally allows his or her expectancies to influence the participants or the situation
Humanistic Psychologists
human beings have free will to determine their destiny
Eclectic Approach
follows all traditional approaches
Experiment Strengths
Manipulation of variables to control outside influences; best method for identifying causal relationships
Experiment Weaknesses
Laboratory environment is artificial; limited generalizability of findings; manipulation of some variables is unethical or impractical
Questionnaire Strengths
Effective means of measuring actions, attitudes, opinions, preferences, and intentions of large numbers of people
Questionnaire Weaknesses
Lack of explanatory power; validity of findings is limited by sample; reliability is difficult to determine; self-report may be inaccurate or biased
Interview Strengths
Allows a wide range of responses; follow-up questions are possible
Interview Weaknesses
Does not enable researchers to draw conclusions about causal relationships; time-consuming
Naturalistic Observation Strengths
Behavior is unaffected by a researcher's manipulations
Naturalistic Observation Weaknesses
Little opportunity to control variables; time-consuming
Case Study Strengths
Extensive evidence is gathered on a single person
Case Study Weaknesses
Lack of generalizability of findings; time-consuming