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9 Cards in this Set

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Information processing that emphasizes the importance of sensory receptors in detecting the basic features of a stimulus in the process of recognizing a whole pattern; analysis that moves from the parts to the whole.
bottom-up processing

also called

data-driven processing
Information processing that emphasizes the importance of the observer's knowledge, expectations, and other cognitive processes in arriving aat meaningful perceptions; analysis that moves from the whole to the parts.
top-down processing

also called

conceptually driven processing
A school of psychology founded in Germany in the early 1900's that maintained that our sensations are actively processed according to consistent perceptual rules that result in meaningful whole perceptions, or _gestalts_.
Gestalt psychology
Perception of infomation by some means other than through the normal processes of sensation.
ESP (extrasensory perception)
The scientific invesigation of claims of paranormal pehnomena and abilities.
parapsychology
A Gestalt principle of perceptual organization that states that we automatically separate the elements of a perception into the feature that clearly stands out (the figure) and its less distinct background (the ground).
figure-ground relationship
The use of visual cues to percieve the distance or three-dimensional characteristics of objects.
depth perception
Distance or depth cues that can be processed by either eye alone.
monocular cues
Distance or depth cues that require the use of both eyes.
binocular cues