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13 Cards in this Set

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American psychologist who conducted research on memory, personality, and dreams; established one of the first US psychology research laboratories; first woman president of the American Psychological Association.
Mary Whiton Calkins
1863-1930
English naturalist and scientist whose theory of evolution through natural selection was first published in <i>On the Origin of Speeches</i>
Charles Darwin
1809-1882
Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis.
Sigmund Freud
1856-1939
American psychologist who established the first psychology research laboratory in the United States; founded the American Psychological Association.
G. Stanley Hall
1844-1924
American philosopher and psychologist who founded psychology in the United States and established the psychological school called <b>functionalism</b>.
William James
1842-1910
American humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation.
Abraham Maslow
1908-1970
Russian physiologist whose research contributed to the development of behaviorism; discovered the basic learning process called classical conditioning.
Ivan Pavlov
1849-1936
American psychologist who founded the school of humanistic psychology.
Carl Rogers
1902-1987
American psychologist and leading proponent of behaviorism; developed a model of learning called operant conditioning; emphasized studying the relationship between environmental factors and observable behavior.
B.F. Skinner
1904-1990
British-born American psychologist who founded structuralism, the first school of psychology.
Edward B. Titchener
1867-1927
American psychologist who was the first woman to earn a doctorate in psychology in the United States; published research on mental processes in animals.
Margaret Floy Washburn
1871-1939
American psychologist who founded behaviorism, emphasizing the study of observable behavior and rejecting the study of mental processes.
John B. Watson
1878-1958
German physiologist who founded psychology as a formal science; opened first psychological research laboratory in 1879.
Wilhelm Wundt
1832-1920