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63 Cards in this Set

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General life satisfaction combined with frequent positive emotions and relatively few negative emotions.
Subjective well-being
Emotional competence, including empathy, self-control, self-awareness, and other skills.
Emotional intelligence
Evaluating the personal meaning of a stimulus or situation.
Emotional appraisal
The mental process of assigning causes to events. In emotion, the process of attributing arousal to a particular source.
Attribution
States that sensations from facial expressions help define what emotion a person feels.
Facial feedback hypothesis
States that activity in the thalamus causes emotional feelings and bodily arousal to occur simultaneously.
Cannon-Bard theory
States that emotions occur when physical arousal is labeled or interpreted on the basis of experience and situational cues.
Schachter's cognitive theory
Study of the meaning of body movements, posture, hand gestures, and facial expressions; commonly called body language.
Kinesics
States that emotional feelings follow bodily arousal and come from awareness of such arousal.
James-Lange theory
A device for recording heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and galvanic skin response; commonly called a "lie detector."
Polygraph
In a polygraph exam, questions that almost always provoke anxiety.
Control questions
Excess activity in the parasympathetic nervous system following a period of intense emotion.
Parasympathetic rebound
The system of nerves that connects the brain with the internal organs and glands.
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
A part of the ANS that activates the body at times of stress.
Sympathetic branch
A part of the autonomic system that quiets the body and conserves energy.
Parasympathetic branch
Actions that aid attempts to survive and adapt to changing conditions.
Adaptive behaviors
Alterations in heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration, and other involuntary responses.
Physiological changes (in emotion)
Outward signs that an emotion is occurring.
Emotional expression
The private, subjective experience of having an emotion.
Emotional feelings
According to Robert Plutchik's theory, the most basic emotions are fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation, joy, and acceptance.
Primary emotions
A state characterized by physiological arousal, changes in facial expression, gestures, posture, and subjective feelings.
Emotion
Motivation that comes from within, rather than from external rewards; motivation based on personal enjoyment of a task or activity.
Intrinsic motivation
Motivation based on obvious external rewards, obligations, or similar factors.
Extrinsic motivation
The first four levels of needs in Maslow's hierarchy; lower needs tend to be more potent than higher needs.
Basic needs
In Maslow's hierarchy, the higher level needs associated with self-actualization.
Growth needs
In Maslow's hierarchy, needs associated with impulses for self-actualization.
Meta-needs
Abraham Maslow's ordering of needs, based on their presumed strength or potency.
Hirarchy of human needs
The desire to have social impact and control over others.
Need for power
Learned motives acquired as part of growing up in a particular society or culture.
Social motives
The desire to excel or meet some internalized standard of excellence.
Need for achievement
Cyclical changes in bodily functions and arousal levels that vary on a schedule approximating a 24-hour day.
Circadian rhythms
A summary of the relationships among arousal, task complexity, and performance.
Yerkes-Dodson law
Assumes that people prefer to maintain ideal, or comfortable, levels of arousal.
Arousal theory
The first phase of sexual response, indicated by initial signs of sexual arousal.
Excitement phase
The second phase of sexual response during which physical arousal is further heightened.
Plateau phase
A climax and release of sexual excitement.
Orgasm
The fourth phase of sexual response, involving a return to lower levels of sexual tension and arousal.
Resolution
One's degree of emotional and erotic attraction to members of the same sex, opposite sex, or both sexes.
Sexual orientation
Any of a number of male sex hormones, especially testosterone.
Androgen
Areas of the body that produce pleasure and/or provoke erotic desire.
Erogenous zones
An unspoken mental plan that defines a "plot," dialogue, and actions expected to take place in a sexual encounter.
Sexual script
Thirst triggered when fluid is drawn out of cells due to an increased concentration of salts and minerals outside the cell.
Intracellular thirst
A drive that occurs in distinct episodes.
Episodic drive
The strength of one's motivation to engage in sexual behavior.
Sex drive
Changes in sexual drives of animals that create a desire for mating; particularly used to refer to females in heat.
Estrus
Any of a number of female sex horomones.
Estrogen
Thirst caused by a reduction in the volume of fluids found between body cells.
Extracellular thirst
Active self-starvation or a sustained loss of appetite that has psychological origins.
Anorexia nervosa
Excessive eating (gorging) usually followed by self-induced vomiting and/or taking laxatives.
Bulmia nervosa
Weight reduction based on changing exercise and eating habits rather than temporary self-starvation.
Behavioral dieting
An active dislike for a particular food.
Taste aversion
The proportion of body fat that tends to be maintained by changes in hunger and eating.
Set point
A small area at the base of the brain that regulates many aspects of motiavtion and emotion, especially hunger, thirst, and sexual behavior.
Hypothalamus
A steady state of bodily equilibrium.
Homeostasis
The value of a goal above and beyond its ability to fill a need.
Incentive value
Innate motives based on biological needs.
Primary motives
Innate needs for stimulation and information.
Stimulus motives
Motives based on learned needs, drives, and goals.
Secondary motives
Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities.
Motivation
An internal deficiency that may energize behavior.
Need
The psychological expression of internal needs or valued goals. For example, hunger, thirst, or a drive for success.
Drive
Any action, glandular activity, or other identifiable behavior.
Response
The target or objective of motivated behavior.
Goal