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31 Cards in this Set

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What are the four psychological goals?
Description Explanation Prediction and Control
What is "descrition"?
Observing and noting "what"
What is "explanation"?
Why and forming theories, "causes".
What is prediction?
Determining when something will happen again.
What is control?
Changing behavior.
Structuralism and who participated.
"What". Breaking down every experience. Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener
Functionalism and founder
How mind allows people to adapt. William James
Gestalt and founder
Mind as a whole. Max Wertheimer.
Psychoanalysis and founder
Listening and connecting the unconscious to the conscious. Freud
Behaviorism and founder.
Observable behavior and conditioning. Pavlov and Watson.
Seven modern perspectives.
Psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, biopsychological, cognitive, socioculture, evolutionary
Pychodynamic perspective
Development of sense of self and discovery behind person's behavior.
Behavioral perspective
Operant conditioning behavioral responses.
Humanistic perspective
Freedom to choose ones own destiny.
Biopsychological perspective
Biological events in the body
Cognitive Perspective
Memory, intelligence, learning and problem solving.
Sociocultural perspective
Relationship between social behavior and culture.
Evolutionary perspective
Universal mental characteristics that all humans share
Psychiartrist
Diagnosis and treats
Psychoanalyst
Special training in Freud
Psychiatric social worker
Environmental conditions that have impact on mental disorders.
Psychologist
Counseling, teaching and research
Natural Oberservation
Watching in nature environment
Observer effect
Behave differently
Participant observation
observer becomes participant
Observer bias
Observer to see what is expected
Laboratory observations
Watching in a controlled situation
Case studies
One subject as a representative sample
Experimenter effect
Experimenters expectations to unintentionally influence
Single blind study
Subjects don't know if they are in experimental or control group.
Double blind study
experimenter and subject are clueless