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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes
psychology
consists of a set of orderly steps used to analyze and solve problems
scientific method
means by which organisms adjust to their environment
behavoir
reports of observation about the behavior of organisms and the conditions under which the behavior occurs
behavioral data
from the broadest, most global level down to the most minute, specific level
levels of analysis
prediction based on an understanding of the ways events relate to one another, and it suggests what mechanisms link those events to certain predictors
scientific prediction
prediction that specifies the conditions under which behaviors will change
casual prediction
one simple principal of modern psychology
ideas matter
study of the structure of mind and behavior
structuralism
3 fronts of structuralism
reductionistic, elemental, and mentalistic
organized wholes
gestalls
minds with purpose
functionalism
bevior is driven or motivated by powerful inner forces
psychodynamic perspective
seek to understand how particular environmental stimuli control particular kinds of behavior
behaviorist perspective
people are neither driven by the powerful, intictive forces postulated by the Freudians nor manipulated by their environments
humanistic perspective
human thought and all the processes of knowing-- attending, thinking, remembering, and understanding
cognitive perspective
guides psychologists who search for the causes of behavior in the functioning of genes, the brain, the nervous system, and the endocrine system
biological perspective
attempts to understand the brain processes underlying behaviors such as sensation, learning, and emotion
behavioral neuroscience
seeks to connect contemporary psychology to a central idea of the life sciences, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection
evolutionary perspective
those organisms that are better suited to their environments tend to produce offspring and pass on their genes more successfully than those organisms with poorer adaptations
natural selection
study cross-cultural differences in the causes and consequences of behavior
sociocultural perspective