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68 Cards in this Set

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a state of awareness of internal events and the external environment.
consciousness
the body of information of which you are aware
consciousness
ordinary walking consciousness includes your...?
perceptions, thoughts, feelings, images, and desires
memories accessible to consciousness only after something calls your attention to it.
preconscious
participants provide information about their thoughts and feelings in the normal course of their daily lives
experience-sampling method
people that often carry devices that will go off and then they call in to tell the researcher their thoughts and feelings at that moment is called?
experience-sampling method
used to document the mental strategies and representations of knowledge that participants employ to do the task
think-aloud protocols
participants that are asked to speak aloud as they work through a variety of complex tasks
think-aloud protocols
comes out of the experience of watching yourself from this privileged "insider" position
sense of self
your unique interpretation of a current situation based on your general knowledge, memories of past experiences, current needs, values, beliefs, and future goals.
personal construction of reality
a time cycle that your body is attuned to
circadian rhythm
your arousal levels, metabolism, heart rate, body temperature, and hormonal activity ebb and flow according to your...?
internal clock
how much of your circadian rhythm is devoted to sleep
1/3
without the corrective effects of external time cues, the human internal "pace maker" establishes what?
a 24.18 hour cycle
how much brain wave activity in cps is there during awake stage
low voltage - irregular, fast
how much brain wave activity in cps is there during stage 1
3-7 cps
what are the brain wave activity in stage 1 called
theta waves
how much brain wave activity in cps is there during stage 2
12-14 cps
how much brain wave activity in cps is there during stage 3 and 4
1/2 - 2 cps
how much brain wave activity in cps is there during REM sleep
low voltage - random, fast with saw tooth waves
what are the brain wave activity in stage 2 called
sleep spindles and k complexes
what are the brain wave activity in stage 3 and 4 called
delta waves>75 mV
provides measures of ongoing brain activity
EEG
when you go to sleep how fast are your brain waves moving
14 cps
what is cps mean
cycles per second
what happens when you get in bed
you relax and brain waves slow down
what happens in stage 3 and 4
you are in very deep relaxation, and your breathing and heart rate decrease
when do you begin to dream
REM stage
how long does the first 4 stages take
90 min
how long does REM sleep last
10 min
how many times do you pass through the sleep cycle in one night
4-6 times
with each time the amount of time spent in the cycles a night your deep sleep (stage 3) ______ and your REM sleep ______.
decreases; increases
how do we design our sleep habits?
to get enough sleep you need to standardize your bed time and rising time throughout the week
provides the brain with an opportunity to interrupt that damage and undertake repairs of the brain's cells
NREM sleep
what does REM sleep do for infants
necessary for the development of normal function in the visual system and perhaps other sensory and motor systems
what does REM sleep do for adults?
Plays in learning and memory
how does age effect our sleep patterns?
as we get older our REM sleep decreases and NREM sleep decreases less sharply
when people are dissatisfied with their amount or quality of sleep
insomnia
a women goes to the doctor and tells him that she is unable to fall asleep quickly, frequent arousal during sleep, and early-morning awakening... what would he say she has
insomnia
what percent of Americans say that they had experience insomnia at least once a month
52.5%
what percent of americans say that they experience insomnia every night
7%
a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and irresistible instances of sleepiness during the day-time
narcolepsy
a women goes to the doctor and says that she falls asleep instantly at work and she has vivid dreams and sometimes hallucinations. what does she have?
narcolepsy
how many people are affected by narcolepsy
1 of every 20,000
what sleep disorder is considered to be genetic based
narcolepsy
an upper-respiratory sleep disorder in which the person stops breathing while alseep
sleep apnea
what happens when your blood's oxygen level drop and emergency hormones are secreted
you wake up and breathe again
what percent of adults does sleep apnea effect
2 %
why do people sleep less today than they did in the past?
too many things keeping you up... electricity, television...etc.
the hidden meaning. represents the socially or personally unacceptable version but also the true "uncut" one
latent content
appears to the dreamer after a distortion process that Freud referred to as the story
manifest
the theory that conscious awareness of dreaming is a learnable skill that enables dreamers to control the direction and content of their dreams.
lucid dreaming
what happens to your heart rate during lucid dreaming
it goes up
a researcher put goggles on someone that would shine a red light when the EEG showed that the patient was in REM sleep so that the patient would know that they were dreaming. what kind of dreaming is the doctor trying to make
lucid dreaming
what effect hypnotizability
your IQ the higher it is the less likely you will be able to be hypnotized
what are the goals of meditation?
pain reduction, reduce stress, higher IQ
false perception that occurs in the absence of objective stimulation
hallucinations
leads to a loss of boundary between self and nonself
Hallucination
most common hallucinations are...?
LSD and PCP
what can cause hallucinations
stress, fear, dehydration, drugs, and fever
a large dose of what plant with psychoactive effects with an active ingredient of THC which is found in hashish and marijuana can create hallucinations
cannabis
when your body becomes used to something and it takes more of that substance for it to affect your body
tolerance
what mimics natural chemicals released by the brain?
nicotine
a person is at a party and she is talking to her friend. in the conversation across the room she hears her name what is this called?
unattended information
the period during which a sleeper does not show rapid eye movement; characterized by less dream activity than during REM sleep
NonREM
an altered state of awareness characterized by deep relaxation, susceptibility to suggestions, and changes in perception, memory, motivation, and self-control
hypnosis
the degree to which an individual is responsive to standardized hypnotic suggestion
hypnotizability
a form of consciousness change designed to enhance self-knowledge and well being by achieving a deep state of tranquility
meditation