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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Atkinson- Shiffrin Model of Memory
memory is made up of three information stores. Sensory, Short-Term, and long-term memory
sensory memory
can hold a large amount of information just long enough (a fraction of a second)for a small portion of it to be selected for longer storage. Ex:// a phone number you have in yoru memory from the phonebook to the phone
Short term memory
limited capacity- unless aided by rehearsal, its storage duration is brief
long term meory
stores an apparently unlimited amount of information for indeterminate periods
declarative memory
factual information
nondeclarative memory
actions, perceptual motor skills, conditioned reflexes, emotional memories. ex://riding a bike
semantic memory
general knowledge, stored undated
ex://lincoln gave gettysburg adress
episodic memory
dated recollections of person experiances. Ex:// first kiss
anterograde amnesia
can't form new long term memories-results from hippocampus damage and it's usually permanant
retrograde amnesia
can't recall the past-often results from injury to the cortex- usually less permanant
Why do we forget?
ineffective encoding, decay, interference, retrieval failure, motivated forgetting
reconstructed memories
based on our schemas and how we believe things "should" have been
the misinformation effect
postevent information alters one's memory of the event