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42 Cards in this Set

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An anxiety disorder involving repetitive thoughts and urges to perform certain rituals.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A condition that involves relatively mild but long-lasting anxiety thatis not focused on any particular object or situation.
Panic Disorder
An anxiety disorder involving sudden panic attacks.
Social Phobia
An anxiety disorder involving strong, irrational fears relating to social situations.
The ability of the lens to change its shape and bend light rays so that objects are in focus
Perceptual Constancy
The perception of objects as constant in size, shape, color, and other properties despite changes in their retinal image.
Social Cognitive
An approach in which personality is seen as the patterns of thinking and behavior that a person learns
Bottom Up Processing
You see, hear, smell, something, and you can draw conclusions based on that
Top Down Processing
Using previous knowledge. The sign.
A view developed by Freud that emphasizes the interplay of unconscious mental processes in determining human thought, feelings,behavior,and personality.
Social facilitation
A phenomenon in which the presence of others improves a person's performance.
Adjusting one's behavior because of an explicit or implicit request.
A psychological state occurring in group members that results in loss of individuality and a tendency to do things not normally done alone.
REM behavior disorder
A sleep disorder in which a person does not lose muscle tone during REM sleep, allowing the person to act out dreams.
Sleep apnea
A sleep disorder in which people briefly but repeatedly stop breathing during the night.
The negative emotional and psysiological process that occurs as individuals try to adjust to or deal with stressors
Environmental circumstances that disrupt or threaten to disrupt individual's daily functioning and cause people to make adjustments
Chronic Stressors
Those that continue over a long period of time- Include cirucmstances such as living near a noisy airport or in a high crime neighborhood, having illness,etc.
Daily Hassles
Include irritations, pressures, and annoyances that might not be significant stressors by themselves but whose cumulative effects can be significant.
Emotion then Physical

You run because you're scared.
Physical then Emotion

You're scared because you're running.
Catastrophic Events
Sudden, unexpected, potentially life-threatening experiences or traumas such as physical or sexual assult, military combat, natural disasters, terrorist attacts, accidents.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A dissociative disorder in which a person reports having more than one identity.
Dysthymic Disorder
A mood disorder involving a pattern of comparitively mild depression that lasts for at least two years.
Anterograde Amnesia
A loss of memory for any event that occurs after a brain injury.
Ruminative Thinking
The recurring intrusion of thoughts about stressful events.
Functional fixedness
The Tendency to use objects for only one purpose
Mental Set
The tendency for old patterns of problem solving to persist, even when they might not always be the most efficient alternative.
Social loafing
Exerting less effort when performing a group task when performing the same task alone.
Functional analysis
Analyzing behavior by studying what responses occur under what conditions of operant reward and punishment.
Conditons of Worth
According to Rogers, the feelings an individual experiences when the person, instead of the person's behavior, is evaluated.
Self- efficacy
Learned expectations about the probability of success in given situations.
When one cannot consciously recognize faces- not even their own reflection- yet they can still see and recognize many other objects and can still recognize people by their voices.
Pathways that permit visual processing without visual awareness.
Somatization disorder
Disorder in which there are numerous physical complaints without verifable physical illness.
Spreading activation
A principle that explains how information is retrieved in semantic network theories of memory.
A mood disorder involving a pattern of comparatively mild depression that lasts for at least two years.
Major depressive disorder
A mood disorder in which a person feels sad and hopeless for weeks or months.
Fight or Flight
The physical reactions initiated by the sympathetic nervous system that prepare the body to fight or to run from a threatening situation
Signal detection
A mathematical model of what determines a person's report that a near-threshold stimulus has or has not occurred.
Actualizing tendency
According to Rogers, an innate inclination toward growth that motivates all people.
The unconscious portion of personality that contains basic impulses and urges