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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
behavioral medicine
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
health psychology
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
coronary heart disease
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally agressive, and anger-prone people
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people
Type B
literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches. Note: this is distinct from hypochondriasis-misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
psychophysiological illness
the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B Lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and forein substances.
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.
attempting to alleviate stress directly-by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor.
problem-focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
emotion-focused coping
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
aerobic exercise
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension
encompasses such methods such as acupuncture, massage therapy, homeopathy, spiritual healing, herbal remedies, chiroprctic, and aromatherapy
conplementary and alternative medicine