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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the way words sound
(sounds of language)
over 100 of them
meanings of language
Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
you can't think with out language
we sing our speech
you can tell where the question is, and the mood of the speech
Revereand spooner switched the first and last letter of words
"you Hissed my Mistory lecture"
expressive aphasia
a word being "on the tip of your tongue"
damage to front left
receptive aphasia
trouble understanding words coming in
some words don't make sense
syntactic aphasia
grammer is gone
(syntax is messed up)
the "it"
instinctive => pleasure principle
two things: sex & aggression
"above the me"
makes sure the Id doesn't do what it wants to do
the conscience
"the I"
compromises/mediates between Id & Superego => reality principle
phoenetic symbolism
the word sounds like what it is
McGurk Effect
getting phonemes by reading lips
three bears effect
when first learning to speak, everything is put into a category
Broca's area
location of damage as cause for expressive aphasia
Wernicke's area
location of damage as cause for receptive aphasia
Dove Counterbalance Test
black IQ test
cultural IQ test for the black community
cultural biases in intelligence
black/white IQ difference
Terman Study
proved all stereotypes of smart people wrong: they were social, strong, and didn't particularly wear glasses
Oral Stage
born - 1 yr old
Libido = mouth
conflict = food
leads to oral fixation:
too little/too much food
defense mechanism = projection & denial
Anal Stage
1 - 2 yrs old
libido = anus
conflict = feces
leads to anal fixation:
anal retention/anal expulsion
defense mechanism =
rationalism & reaction formation
Phallic Stage
3 - 5 yrs old
libido = genitals
conflict = love for opposite sex
leads to complexes:
oedipus complex/electra
castration anxiety/penis envy
defense mechanism =
repression & chaste
Latency Stage
teens yrs
puberty >> nothing happens
Genital Stage
libido = genitals, but not as agressive as stage 3
well functioning human being
defensive mechanism = sublimination
Oedipus Complex
young boy wants to kill his father & have sex with his mother
lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies
banishing of anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness
reaction formation
you take what you feel and turn it around
"fright into bravery"
people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
taking what makes you anxious and dealing with it as society likes best
you do what you want to get rid of anxiety and then find a reason to make it ok
electra complex
young girl falls in love with father & wants to kill the mother
denying anxiety
projective tests
personality test, provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics
Rorschach inkblot test
most widely used personality test, a set of 10 inkblots which seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; assess personality tendencies; based on 10 clincial scales
2nd version of MMPI; includes lie scale
consistency in scores; you get the relatively same score everytime
test measures what it says its measuring
construct validity
used when you are testing something you can't measure and is based on correlation with tests of the same thing
EX: happiness, trust
content validity
does the test directly ask what it wants to know??
high = direct question
low = indirect question
predictive validity
you should be able to predict the future
concurrent validity
can predict the present (the CURRENT)
EX: assessing a dangerous situation
Barnum Effect
test results are true of everyone
takes a cold reading
nonprojective test
psychological test that is more valid
projective test
often unreliable or invalid; provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics
generalized anxiety disorder
person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object/situation
panic disorder
anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
obsessive compulsive disorder
anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulses)
total amnesia
dissociative identity disorder
(multiple personality)
rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternated between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
characterized by hallucinations of the senses (you think you can hear/feel things) and delusions
paranoid schizophrenia
happens later in life with intelligent people; preoccupations with delusions or hallucinations
disorganized schizophrenia
jumbled thoughts and incoherence at times, and bits of delusions; often has a flat effect: wrong emotions
catatonic schizophrenia
waxy flexibility; immobility, extreme negativism, parrotlike repeating of another's speech or movements
undifferentiated schizophrenia
garbage category; has symptoms of schizophrenics not in any other category; has many and varied symptoms
antisocial personality disorder
personality disorder in which the person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members