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19 Cards in this Set

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Psychodynamic Perspective
Contemporary version of psychoanalysis that still emphasizes unconscious processes and conflicts but is briefer and more focused on specific problems. Basic principles are psychic determinism, belief that forces operate unconsciously, and the belief that forces are affected by childhood experiences.
Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalytic assessment and therapy, which emphasizes exploration of, and insight into, unconscious processes and conflicts, pioneered by Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud
Developer of Psychoanalysis
Depth Hypothesis
need to look up
ID (Psychoanalysis)
In psychoanalysis, the unconscious psychical entity present at birth representing basic drives.
Ego
In psychoanalysis, the psychical entity responsible for finding realistic and practical ways to satisfy id drives.
Superego
In psychoanalysis, the psychical entity representing the internalized moral standards of parents and society.
Anxiety
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future danger or misfortune. Anxiety may involve feelings, behaviors, and physiological responses. The belief that the ego fights a battle to stay on top of the warring id and superego, and their conflicts produce anxiety that threatens to overwhelm the ego.
Defense Mechanisms
The belief that the ego fights a battle to stay on top of the warring id and superego, and their conflicts produce anxiety that threatens to overwhelm the ego. The anxiety is a signal that alerts the ego to use these,unconscious ,protective processes that keep primitive emotions associated with conflicts in check so the ego can continue its coordinating function.
Repression
Defense Mechanism that blocks disturbing wishes, thoughts, or experiences from conscious awareness.
Projection
Defense Mechanism that falsely attributes own unacceptable feeling, impulsesject.
Displacement
Defense Mechanism that transfers a feeling about, or a response to, an object that causes discomfort onto another, usually less threatening, object or person.
Rationalization
Defense Mechanism that conceals the true motivations for actions, thoughts, or feeling through elaborate reassuring or self-serving but incorrect explanations.
Denial
Defense Mechanism that refuses to acknowledge some aspect of objective reality or subjective experience that is apparent to others.
Reaction formation
Defense Mechanism that substitutes behavior, thoughts, or feeling that are the direct opposite of unacceptable ones.
Sublimination
Defense Mechanism that directs potentially maladaptive feelings or impulses into socially acceptable behavior.
Psychosexual Development
In psychoanalysis, the sequence of phases a person passes through during development. Each stage is named for the location on the body where id gratification is maximal at that time. It is that basis of personality, and the focus of the libido shifts to gratify sexual and aggressive drives.
Free Association
Freudian psychoanalytic therapy in which patients are instructed to say whatever comes to mind without the usual socially mandated censoring. Intended to reveal emotionally charged material that may be repressed because it is too painful or threatening to bring into consciousness.
Dream Interprutation
Freudian psychoanalytic therapy in which dream contents are examined as symbolic of id impulses and intrapsychic conflicts. The therapist then takes the things from the dreams and relates them to various unconscious conflicts.