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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Biological Perspective
Links between certian behaviors and specific biological processes. How the brain functions.
Psychoanalytical Perspective
(Frued) Unconscious mental forces that are sexual and aggressive behavior.
Behavioral Perspective
(Watson & Skinner)Only observable, measurable behavior determined by the environment.
Cognitive Perspective
(Gestalt)Studied mental processes. Reaction to behavoralism.
Humanistic Perspective
(Maslow&Rogers) Positive perspective. Free-willed and self-actualization. Unique, choice, growth and spychological health.
Evolutionary Perspective
(Lorenz) Inherrited tendancies towards certian behaviors. Adapt behavior need for survival through human evolutions.
Sociocultral Perspective
Emphasis in social and cultural influences on behavior.
Nature and Goals of psychology
To describe, explain, predict and control mental processes and behaviors.
Scientific Method
Identify a problem
Design a study
Collect and Analyze data
Draw conclusions
Communicate Findings
Descriptive Research
Describes thinking or behavior. Used when little is known.
Naturalistic observation
Laortory observation
Case study
survey research
Experimental Research
Seeks to determine cause and effect.
Indep.& Depend.variables
Experimental& Control Groups
Ecperimental Research Problems and Limitations
Selection Bias
Placebo Effect
Experimenter Bias...
Unnatural setting limits generalizability.
Unethical or impossible means for studying many areas of psychology.
Correlational Research
Defines relationship between variables.Used when subject isn't possible or unethical.
Limited time and money.
Correlation Coefficient
Strength-closer it is to one
Direction-sign infront of # and doesn't change the value.
Ethics in Research
Participant-Related Bias
Protecting Participants' Rights
Use of Animals-APA supports