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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the SCN and where is it located?
It is the Supra charismatic Nucleus. It is located on the hypothalamus...recieves information from the eyes-controls the circadian rythym.
What does the pineal gland produce?
this gland produces a hormone (chemical messenger released into the blood stream taken off somewhere else and helps control bodily function.)
What are the four theories for reasons why we sleep?
and Evolutionary theories.
What do Synchronized Brain Waves look like?
This type of wave forms are slow and regular.
these forms are seen during sleep.
What do Desynchronized brain waves look like?
rapid, irregular, and during our conscious and awake state.
What are two different kinds of synchronized waves?
Alpha and Beta
what are two different kinds of Desynchronized waves?
Theta and Delta
What are the two types of wave forms not characterized?
spindles, and

k-complexes (only seen in stage 2)
What are the 5 stages of sleep?
deep sleep,
Deep and quiet sleep
REM sleep
What did Freud think dreams were?
a pathway to wishful thinking, and unconscious desires
What did Cartwright think that dreams were?
Solving daily encounters...and things that you're dealing with. = your dreams.
What was Hobson and Mccarly's theory on dreams?
These guy's theory on dreams was Activation synthesis model...:from the "random" activation of your brain, it tries to put it together and creates a story (exscuses)
what is cataplexy
this is the state of paralysis while conscious., with sleep paralysis and hallucination
What are the three types of insomnia?
Onset-difficulty falling asleep (J. Bake)
MAintenience-can't stay asleep (Gretch)
Termination- Wake up early...(Rollo)
what is a danger/power of hypnosis?
one of the dangers/powers of this is whatever the hypnotizer wants you to hear..he can make hte person say..power of suggestion
what is seratonin involved with?
studying and focusing
Pavlov is associated with what?
Classical conditioning
what did pavlov study?
he studied his dog's digestion.
What are the 3 responses to Pavlov's classical conditioning?
Unconditioned STimuli, Conditioned stimuli, and Un-conditioned response.
what is an unconditioned stimulus?
a natural response, an instinct, a reflex
What is a conditioned stimuli?
Something associated with the reflex. An action such as a bell, or air puff, that brings about an implied response such as an eye blink, or salivation.
What is an unconditioned response?
an eye blink
What is Acquisition?
the Learning phase
What is Extinction?
the dissapearance or weakening of Conditioned Response
What is stimulus generalization?
When the Brain hears a specific tone or sound and associates it with a previous response.

rabbit hears a middle A instead of a middle C, would he still blink?
What did B.F. Skinner say?
"There is always a reinforced reward/stimulus behind every repeated system."
What will affect the probability and help in repeating a specific behavior.
What is an example of a secondary reinforcement?
money is a primary reinforcement...and what you do with your money is the 2ndary reinforcement
what is a fixed rate reinforcement?
training a dog to sit...and when he does, giving him a reward EVERY time. be consistent.
What are three types of memory?
Episodic, Semantic, and Procedural
What does Episodic memory entail? episode..."I remember when"
sequence of events in time
What does SEmantic memory entail?
...things tha tyou can verbalize
"I know..."
What does Procedural memory entail?
Motor skills:riding a bike, pogo stick
What is explicit memory?
What we're asked to remember(PRIMARY)
What is implicit memory?
What you don't realize you remember...(like peripheral memory...)
What are the three steps to remembering something
Encoding code..and put it into memory,
Storing...maintenience memory
REtrieval...REcovery of that memory
What is sensory memory?
your 5 senses.
iconic-little picture that represents something
echonic-sound that represents something
How does short-term memory work? say things aloud in your head
What is the max amount of items (groupings/ideas) that you can have in your short term memory box?
7 ITEMS!!!
what helps you remember longer?
Dual Coding.
What does LTM encoding use?
what is the primary effect?
items recieved first are easier to remember
what is the recency effecet
items recieved last
What are the two types of Amnesia?
What is Retrograde?
a mental block that happened, and you can't remember what happened before that. You forget what "went before."
What is anterograde?
-you can't incorporate new memories into your brain...only remember hte past
What is the hippocampus, and what doesit look like in shape?
it looks like a foot, and it is in charge of binding memory areas together...It is the relay center for memory.
What is interference?
things that get in the way of recall/memory
What is Anterograde?
Interference htat happens before something...that block memory
What is Retrograde?
interference..but the mental block comes after the memory happens
What does the Trochlear Nerve do?
projects images to the eyes
What is the path from info to Trochlear Nerve
info--interpositus--Red Nucleus--CN
Can you learn responses without Red Nucleus?
NO. you need a red nucleus to complete memory
What is field dependence?
people who think externally and use external frames of reference
What is field independence?
people who think internally and use internal frames of reference
What is the culture of Eastern society like?
field dependenc, Wholistic style...context, inter-relationships,...thinking about the whole...consider group over individual
What is the culture of WEstern society like?
analytical cognitive style...focuses on the individual, and properties of individual vs. individuals related to one another
What are the three different types of problems we solve?
1. Inducing structure-hammer...nail/golf ball
2. Arrangement-focusing on objects in problem, and focusing on their primary use