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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The principle of psy. science are cummulative
Psy. science relies on empirirca evidence and builds on previous discoveries in a dynamic way
The new biological revolution is energizing research
Discoveries in brain activity have been enhanced by the discoveries of neurotransmitters. Mapping of the human genome has furthered the role of genetics in analyzing disease and behavior. Tremendous advances in brain imaging have revealed the working brain.
The mind is adaptive
The brain has evolved to solve survival problems and adapt to environments. Many modern behaviors are by-products of adaptation.
The nature-nurture debate considers the impact of biology and environment
Historically, philosopher and science have been concerned withehe relative influence of biology and environmnet on behavior.
The mind-body problem has challanged philosophers and psychologists.
A persistent challenge exists in reconciling the relationship of the mind to the physical activity of the brain.
Evolutionary theory introduces natural selection
Darwin's theory of evolution assumes that behaviors that promote reproductive success and survival are passed on and , therefore, that individual differences are the basis of evolutionary change.
Experimental psychology begins with structuralism.
using the technique of introspection, scientists attempted to understand conscious experience by reducting it to its basic elements, its structure. This brings about a strong scienctific approach.
Functionlism addresses the purpose of behavior
Functionalists argued that the mind is best understood by examining the functions or purpose it serves, not ist structure
Gesstalt psychology emphasize patterns and context in learning.
the assertino that the whole experience is different from the sum of its parts led to an approach emphasizing the subjective experience of perception.
The unconscious influences everyday mental life.
the psychoanalytic assumption that unconscious processes not readily available to our awareness influence behavior had an enormous impact on psychology.
Most behavior can be modified by reward and punishment.
Discoveries that behavior is changed by its consequences caused behavorism to dominate psychology until the 1960.
Psychological science crosses levels of analysis
psychological scientist examine behavior from a variety of levels of analysis: social (culture and interpersonal behavior), individual(personality, and perception and cognition), and biological(brain system, neurochemistry, and genetics)
How people think affects behavior
The computer analyogy of the brain and the cognitive revolution led to the information processing perspective
Social situations shape behavior
work in social psychology has highlighted how other people and situations are powerful forces in shaping behavior.
psychological therapy is based on science
Scientific research over the course of the twentieth century taught psychological scientists that there is no universal treatment for psychological disorders. Instead, different treatments are effective for different disorders.