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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is personality
a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual
What is a trait
a characteristic of an individual, describing a habitual way of behaving, thinking, or feeling.
a theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy developed by sigmund freud. Emphasizes unconscious motive and conflicts
psychodynamic theory
theories that explain behavior and personality in terms of unconscious dynamics within the individual
the part of personality containting inherited psychic energy, particularly sexual and aggresive instincts.
the psychic energy that fuels the life or sexual instincts of the id
The part of the personality that represents reason, good sense and rational self control
the part of the personality that represents conscience, morality and social standards
defense mechanisms
methods used by the ego to prevent unconscious anxiety or threatening throughts from entering consciousness
occurs when a threatening idea, memory, or emotion is blocked from sonsciousness
A child who is abused by a parent later has no recollection of the events, but has trouble forming relationships.
occurs when a persons own unacceotable or threatening feelings are repressed and then attributed to someone else
occurs when people direct their emotions toward things, animals, or other people that are not the real object of their feelings
a person experiencing extreme anger might take up kick-boxing as a means of venting frustration
when displacement serves a higher creation of art or inventions
Reaction formation
occurs when a feeling that produces unconscious anxiety is transformed into its opposite in consciousness
occurs when a personreverts to a previous phase of psychological development
occurs when people refuse to admit that something unpleasant is happening such as mistreatment by a partnet, that they have a problem
Freud argued that personality develops in a series of psychosexual stages
Oral stage
occurs during the first year of life, as adults they will seek oral grtification in smoking, over eating nail biting, chewing gum or pencils.
Anal stage
2 to 3 years of age, when toilet training and control of bodily wastes are the key issues
anal retetentive
from the anal stage you may become this, holding everything in, obessive about neatness and cleanliness
anal expulsive
opposite of anal retentive, messy and disorganized
The most crucial stage to the fomation of personality was the phallic stage
true or false
Phallic stage
3 to 5 years of age, the child unconsciously wishes to psses the parent of the other sex and to get rid of the parent of the same sex.
"I'm going to marry daddy or mommy"
Phallic stage
oedipus complex
a conflict occuring in the phallix stage in which a child desires the parent of the opposite sex and views the same sex parent as a rival
Boys are discovering the pleasure and pride of having a penis, sowhen they see a naked women for the first time they get excited
true or false
False- seeing a naked women for the first time horrifies them.
The super ego emerges when the boy accepts his fathers authority and the fathers standards of conscience and morality.
true or false
a girl, upon discovering the male anatomy would panic that she had only a puny clitoris intead of a stately penis
true false
Girls have the powerful motivating fear that boys do to give up their oedipal feelings and develop a strong super ego.
fasle they do not have the same
acoording to frued, girls have penis envy
latency stage, in preparation for the genital stage
true or false
frueds view, your adult personality is shaped by how you progressed through the early psychosexual stages
freud often builled his pactients into accepting his explanations of their symptoms, and he ignored all evidence disconfirming his ideas
frued did not welcome women into the profession of psychoanalysis
false. he did welcome
frued believed that homosexuallity was neither a sign nor a perversion but a "variation of the sexual function" and nothing to be ashambed of
A four year old girl wants to snuggle on daddy's lap but refuses to kiss her mother
oedipus complex
a celibate priest writes poetry about sexual passion
a man who is angry at his boss shouts at his kids for making noise
a woman whose father was cruel to her when she was little insists over and over that she loves him dearly
reaction formation
a racist justifires segregation by saying that black men are only interested in sex with white women
a 9-year old boy who moves to a new city starts having tantrums
men have "_____ _____" then envy womens ability to bear children
womb envy
carl jung was one of frueds worst enemys
false, he was one of his closest friends
frueds and jungs relationship ended with a furious quarrel about the nature of the unconscious
jung was also the first to identify extroversion/ introversion as a basic dimension of personality
object relations school
a psychodynamix approach that emphasizes the importance of the infants first two years of life and the babys formative relationships, especially with the mother
to object relations theorists, the central problem in life is to find a balance between the need for independce and the need for others
mental representation
someone who is kind or fierce, protective or rejecting
the object relations school follows the freudian theory reguarding the nature of male and femal development
false-- the school departs from freudian theory
with the object relations they believe that girls do not need to seprarate from the mother because the mother treats a daughter as an extensions of herself, but the boys to develop masculine identity, must break away from the mother.