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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are false or misleading perceptions?
Illusions
Describe the Muller-Lyer Illusion?
What are the three basic processes of perception?
Selection
Organization
Interpretation
What are the three factors involved in selection?
Selective Attention
Feature Detectors
Habituation
What is the filtering out and attending only to important sensory messages?
Selective Attention
What are specialized neurons that respond only to certain sensory information?
Feature Detectors
What is the tendency of the brain to ignore environmental factors that remain constant?
Habituation
What is the assembling of information into patterns that help us understand the world?
Organization
What four factors do we use to organize sensory information?
Form
Constancy
Depth
Color
Gestalt psychologists developed laws explaining how people perceive form according to:
Figure and ground
Proximity
Continuity
Closure
Similarity
What is the tendency for the environment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input?
Perceptual constancy
What are the four best-known constancies?
Size
Shape
Color
Brightness
Describe the Ames Room Illusion.
What is the ability to perceive three-dimensional space and accurately judge distance?
Depth perception
What is a visual input from two eyes that allows perception of depth or distance?
Binocular cues
What is a visual input from a single eye alone that contributes to perception of depth or distance?
Monocular cues
What is a binocular cue to distance where the separation of the eyes causes different images to fall on each retina?
Retinal disparity
What is a binocular depth cue in which the closer the object, the more the eyes converge, or turn inward?
Convergence
What are the six monocular depth cues?
Linear perspective
Interposition
Relative size
Texture gradient
Aerial perspective
Light and shadow
Define trichromatic.
Young’s theory that color perception results from mixing three distinct color systems (red, green, and blue)
Define opponent-process theory.
Hering’s theory that color perception is based on three systems of color opposites (blue-yellow, red-green, and black-white)
What are the two theories of color perception?
Trichromatic and Opponent-process theories
What are the four major factors involved with interpretation?
Perceptual adaptation
Perceptual set
Frame of reference
Bottom-up or top-down